Agricultural Products of Balochistan
Balochistan is a land of diversity. Not only are there dissimilarities in the topography of the region, the climate varies as well.
Basically Balochistan is dry and barren and receives little rainfall thus making it difficult for people to live and crops to grow. No wonder being the largest province area wise it has the smallest population. While most of the area is covered with scrub vegetation, (short thick bushes) some regions of Balochistan are blessed with extremely fertile soil. The temperature of Balochistan ranges from temperate to tropical.
The rich soil along with the suitable temperature is ideal for the growth of fruits. As a matter of fact, Balochistan produces a variety of fruits in surplus and is nicknamed as “The Fruit Basket” of Pakistan.
Out of the total fruit crops of Pakistan, Balochistan produces;
FRUITS PRODUCED VARIETIES GROWN TOTAL PERCENTAGE
APPLES 52 34
CHERRIES 15 90
ALMONDs 05 90
APRICOT 32 60
POMEGRANATES 04 60
GRAPES 22 90
DATEs 130 70
PEACH — 60
OLIVES 11 —
PLUMS 30 —
PISTACHIO 04 —
Because of their high quality, the fruits are also exported abroad especially to the Gulf States.
Although wheat and rice are grown in Balochistan but due to the lack of resources and shortage of water the production is quite low. The wheat and rice grown here are not sufficient for Baluchistan’s own needs and it relies on Sindh and Punjab to fulfill its requirements. The recent successful attempts to grow sugarcane and cotton have been encouraging for both the government and the people.
If proper measures are taken then agriculture can also flourish in Balochistan.
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