Agricultural products of Sindh

by on October 31, 2009
in Agriculture in Pakistan

Agriculture in SindhPakistan depends largely on agriculture for its economic development. A contribution of 30% to the GDP (Gross Domestic Production) makes Sindh the 2nd largest supplier of agricultural products. In the province of Sindh only 40% of the land can be cultivated. The rest comprises of the rugged and barren Kirthar Range and the sandy Thar Desert.

The climate of Sindh is sub-tropical. It experiences long summer spells with temperature shooting up to more than 45oC during May to August. Winters are cold with a minimum of 2oC during January- December. Rainfall is unpredictable and occurs mostly during July and August. With erratic rainfalls the only reliable source of water is the River Indus. Three barrages namely Guddu, Sukkur and Kotri are constructed over the Indus to supply water for irrigation.

Major areas where crops are cultivated are Khairpur, Nausharo Faroz, Nawabshah, Mirpur Khas, Larkana and Sukkur.

The fertile lands of the Lower Indus Plains along with the temperature are ideally suited for crops like wheat, rice, cotton and sugar cane. Sindh produces 35% of rice, 28% of sugar cane, 20% of cotton and 12% of wheat of the total production. Apart from these cash crops, fruits are also grown in the orchards of Sindh. Mangoes, bananas, dates, guavas and citrus fruit trees are grown here.

Sindh is especially known for its Sindhri Mangoes which are exported abroad as well. Sindh is also the largest chilies producer of the country. The red hot variety grown here is very much in demand across the globe.

A variety of flowers are grown for commercial scale for extracting essential oils and for oil-seeds.

The government of Pakistan has set up the Sindh Agricultural Department which provides assistance and guidance to the farmers.

Author MairaS:
Webpreneur. CEO ContentCreatorZ Pakistan. Managing Partner Media Marketing Services.


2 Responses to “Agricultural products of Sindh”
  1. I found your site on Google and read a few of your other entires. Nice Stuff. I’m looking forward to reading more from you.

  2. B Shah says:


    From times memorable Women have played an important role, side by side with Men
    in agriculture

    In fact the hard part in the field is done by women, plugging the produce like cotton
    is a back breaking job, besides attending to the family needs, cooking, attending children, collecting firewood , maintenance of their home in most unhygienic condition

    We need to pay full attention to improve their lot, what have we done in this regard ?

    1. Health. In the Field, working dusty condition, men and women to prone to develop Bronchitis effecting the lungs, as a precaution Dusk Mask should be a Must., why are they not given one.

    2. Back Ache is also common

    3. Lack of Drinking Water, water available is injurious for Health

    4. Child Health Care is hardly available.

    5. Lack of Basic Education in their required field at home and in fields

    6. How to engage to some additional income like breeding Silk Worms

    Mulberry trees are available all round the country, why not train them ,
    We can establish a Silk Industry,

    Growing of Flowers on borders of their fields, for local consumption and export as well

    Breeding of Fancy Poultry for Export, Poland, Japan, Thailand lead the World market

    In conclusion I request the Government, NGOs, Women Entrepreneurs to consider my suggestion to improve their lot to the benefit of our country

    B. Shah

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