Average rainfall in Pakistan and Effects of Climatic Changes on Agriculture
Pakistan is located in a temperate region which accounts for most of its dry weather throughout the year. Mostly it is dry and hot with spells of rainfall in the months from July to September bringing some relief for the parched earth. The rains generally start in the late parts of June and continue till the beginning of October depending on the intensity of the South-West monsoon which is the main source of rainfall. The weather continues to remain oppressive as the rain does little to bring the temperatures down. Even if the temperature slips down a degree or two, the humidity present in the air poses discomfort for the people living in the nation of Pakistan. The average rainfall in the entire of Pakistan is measured to be around 255 millimetres which is very less considering the amount of land under farming. Most of the crops go to waste due to the low average rainfall in all areas of Pakistan. Even in the rainy season, all the parts of Pakistan do not receive equal amount of average rainfall. In fact, some parts of the desert area of Pakistan receive little or no rainfall throughout the year.
The increasing effects of global warming on the agricultural climate in Pakistan are posing huge problems for the government and the people. Due to the increase in temperature and the scarcity of adequate rainfall, the agriculture in Pakistan is facing a severe crisis which can threaten to blow out of proportion if proper care is not taken in time. A single example which would greatly emphasize this point would be the statistics which show that the carbon emissions have increased 9-fold since 1980. This has led to a meteoric rise in temperature which in turn has given rise to worse yield of crops. The agricultural climate which is ideally suitable for the perfect yield is far from being available which is evident by the declining growth of crops with every successive season. The scarcity of adequate rainfall poses drought problems which does nothing to help the yield. Another primary reason for the degradation in the agricultural climate seems to be the reduction in the forest cover over the entirety of Pakistan which seems to have further reduced the amount of rainfall which is generally expected in a calendar year.
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