Famous and revolutionary poet of Pakistan: Faiz Ahmed Faiz

by on September 26, 2012
in Poets of Pakistan

Famous revolutionary poet of Pakistan Faiz Ahmad Faiz

Sailkot a city in the provinceof Punjab Pakistan enjoys the honor of being the hometown of two of the greatest poets of the Urdu language; Allama Iqbal and Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Famous poet of Pakistan Faiz was born on 13th Feburary 1911 in an educated family. He received his early education in his hometown and later went to Lahore for further education. From the very beginning he showed an interest in languages and his exceptional talent made people take him seriously from a very early age. He joined the MAO College Aligarh as a lecturer; however his literary activities soon saw him as a member of the Progressive Writers Movement. It is said that during the time he was doing his Masters, he was introduced to and influenced by communist ideas and he became a member of the communist party.

In 1942, Faiz got commission in the British Indian Army and was subsequently promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1944. He was among the few commissioned officers who preferred to join the newly established state Pakistan. The war with India over Kashmir made him leave the army and he started giving his undivided attention to his writing. Faiz became the editor of Pakistan Times. Faiz was imprisoned on several occasions but the confinement in prison only brought out the best in him as two of his masterpieces Dast-e-Saba and Zindan-Nama were written during his time in jail. Faiz was a dedicated communist and this was the reason he was often in the bad books of the Pakistani governments.

Faiz’s early  poetry was based on love and longings of a lover but later on the bitter sweet experiences in life made subjugation and oppression the subject of his poetry. He expressed human suffering and disillusion beautifully in his poems. Some of his poems are soft and romantic as well. Faiz’s poetry  inspires the common man to rise against the injustice. Faiz was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize by the Russian government and Nishan-e-Imtiaz by the Pakistani government. He has also won the Nigar Award and the  Lotus Award for Literature for his outstanding work. Faiz passed away on 20th November 1984.

The invaluable contribution of Faiz has immortalized his name and he will always be remembered as a great poet.

Allama Iqbal’s poetry and books – source of inspiration for Muslims

by on April 7, 2009
in Poets of Pakistan

Popular poet of Pakistan Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal was born Muhammad Iqbal in the year 1877 in Sialkot. This was in the times of British India when the nation had not been partitioned. The region of Sialkot now falls in Pakistan. He was a Muslim poet, philosopher, and a politician. He was adept in many languages such as Urdu, Persian and Arabic and became one of the greatest poets of the modern era. He propagated the idea of a separate state for Muslims which was to be the main basis for the creation of Pakistan.

Allama Iqbal completed his education in Germany and England and later on started his own law practice. But his primary interest lay in writing scholarly articles about a wide range of subjects which enveloped politics, economics, history, religion and the like. His poems generally had the praise of the glories of Islamic civilization for their main theme. Allama Iqbal’s poetry was mainly influenced by the works of Maulana Rumi. Allama Iqbal tried to spread out the niceties of the religion of Islam and projected its future. According to him, a pure and one-minded focus on the religion would lead to a greater understanding of life as well as of politics.

Allama Iqbal, who was one of the greatest poets belonging to the Indo Pak subcontinent, conceived the idea of an independent Muslim state, Pakistan. He is the National poet of Pakistan, although he died 9 years before the country came into being. He composed many masterpieces still remembered with great fondness by the citizens of the nation in our time. He wrote a huge miscellany of works mainly concerned with the revival of the religion of Islam. Among these, it is not easy to find out the most inspirational ones of the Allama Iqbal’s because of the fact that each comprises a study in itself which every student of poetic history should concentrate on with great precision. But relying on the popularity quotient, a list of the Allama Iqbal’s books would include Baang-e-Dara, which was published in 1924, Baal-e-Jibreel, in 1935, Zarb-e-Kaleem, in 1936, Armughan-e-Hejaz, in 1938, and, finally, the great masterpiece in English, the Child and the Lamp. Almost all of his books were renditions to the people of Pakistan, or, more importantly, meant for Muslims to understand the importance and quality of their religion. This was supposed to inspire them to greater heights and try and reclaim the rightful position of Islam in history.

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