Pakistan through the decades: List of Foreign Ministers of Pakistan

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto

No country can live in isolation and it needs to be connected with other countries. The need to link with other countries is fulfilled by means of foreign ministry of a country. The foreign ministry is responsible for establishing amicable relationships with other countries in order to promote cooperation among them. The foreign affairs serve important purpose in the development of a country and therefore needs special attention. The foreign ministry of Pakistan is headed by the foreign ministers. The foreign ministry of Pakistan is currently under the office of Hina Rubbani Khar. Her tenure consists of a February 11, 2011 till July 20, 2011. The first foreign minister of Pakistan was M. Zafrulla Khan who took office at December, 1947 till Octobor, 1954. Here a list of all the foreign ministers of Pakistan has been presented in chronological order.

  1. Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan
  2. Muhammad Ali Bogra
  3. Hamidul HuqChoudhury
  4. Feroz Khan Noon
  5. ManzurQadir
  6. Muhammad Ali Bogra
  7. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
  8. Syed Sharifuddin Pirzada
  9. Mian Arshad Hussain
  10. Yahya Khan
  11. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
  12. Aziz Ahmed
  13. Agha Shahi
  14. Sahabzada Yaqub Khan
  15. Abdul Sattar- caretaker
  16. Farooq Leghari
  17. Aseff Ahmad Ali
  18. Sahabzada Yaqub Khan- caretaker
  19. Gohar Ayub Khan
  20. Sartaj Aziz
  21. Abdul Sattar
  22. Khurshid Mahmud Kasuri
  23. Inam-ul-Haq- caretaker
  24. Shah Mehmood Qureshi
  25. Hina Rabbani Khar

Pakistan through decades: History of National Anthem of Pakistan

by on November 17, 2011
in Pakistan through decades


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Agriculture in Pakistan through the decades

by on August 4, 2011
in Pakistan through decades

Agriculture in Pakistan through the decades

To run a country one out of two things is required; it can be either the practice or the constitution of that country. After all the twist and turns, Pakistan still has a constitution that provides independence to the residents of the country in personal and economical aspects. Economy is a race, but for sure, it is not marathon race that put all the citizens in one line and make them run. In real sense it is a race where participants are first analysed, priorities are set according to the analysis and needs are defined in the light of the priorities.Government considers its resources and targets, set the rules and regulations for the race, and sketch out the grounds of the race and the expected results. All this pain is taken just to make sure that one does not remain alienated in this race just because of lack of resources.  New grounds must be provided to those who are not able to take part in a particular kind of race. All this is only possible when national priorities represent the true national need, and resources along with the problems are an integral part of priorities. It is because material resources and human resources are as important for the success and growth as the natural resources.

From the day one, we have been lacking the educational capabilities, and we badly need technical experts. These are the two reasons that even after having sufficient natural resources we face the giant of financial problems and consequently we never been able to utilise our natural and human resources.

Agriculture has been an important part of performance in the race of economy. Agriculture feature in every budget speech, it can be seen in the progressive plans, but still we never embraced this field and never bothered to gain ultimate progress in it. The visionless and aimless leadership made us happy with the bubble of self-sufficiency in the agricultural products and this bubble busted with the pin of inconsistent priorities and targets. Our priorities kept changing from the “small industries” to “self-sufficient agricultural products”.

As these goals were not set in line with the agricultural capabilities, therefore we gained industrial growth that came with unbalanced economy in the package deal. Damaged political structure, nationalisation of industries and banks did the real harm to the industrial growth consequently; we neither gained the status of industrial country and nor the agricultural country in true sense. There has been a great deficit of research in the field of agriculture, today agriculture of this country is fighting hard for its survival of its own all because of the social and cultural norms that has been tagged with the agriculture for centuries and has been declared out dated by many nations.

During last two decades, there has been one more experiment with the economy of this country and that was the experiment of “makeup Economy”. This concept spread rapidly in the army rule. Makeup economy portrayed “trading”, “banking”, and “consumer economy” as the real face of economy and only best way to success. That is why General Musharaf used to quote the number of cars, mobile phones, and other equipments of luxuries as the parameter of economic growth. Because of the attraction of makeup economy, it grabbed a huge work force that was engaged in agriculture earlier, it created a shortfall of skilled human resource in agriculture.This real issue is not only economical but also social and political issue. It is quite complex situation that how our economy turned the national resources into the fuel of luxurious makeup economy. Material growth should have resulted in the economy based on luxuries, but in our case there was neither a material growth nor a growth and progress in the skill and ability of human resources subsequently luxurious economy put more pressure on industries as well as agriculture this pressure caused a huge loss of capital and labour in agriculture. By the way our agriculture deals with almost 65% of our total population, it provides raw material to around 50% industries, what can we expect from it after such loss.

This is a vicious circle of incidents that interlinked all the factors and things, the products of makeup economy put pressure on the energy and what happened next is almost known to every one of us, there is no electricity, tube wells are not working, and industries are shutting down, unemployment is increasing with supersonic speed.
The situation is far more alarming than what we can see and only solution at this time is hidden in agriculture. There is a lack of production within country therefore we are bound to import things to fulfil the demand and this is the major reason for calling agriculture the solution of the problem. In 2009-10, we spent $ 3.16 billion on the imports edibles and drinks and what has been the situation in 2010-11 can be judged by the fact that $240 million was the amount paid for total edibles imports in the month of March this year.

Our markets are full of such imported edible products that can easily be produced in the country, and a huge amount of foreign exchange can be saved. There is a complete confusion about where are we heading to but the way this journey is going on the last stop is nothing but dust. Agriculture must get the due respect and importance in this race of economy because this is the safe way to sustain the position and gain progress in this race else these confusing preferences will do more harm than ever before.

This is one side of the coin tough and ignoring the other side will be against the justice, even after all those problems and all those issues that of agricultural sector is facing. after all the ignorance from the authorities this sector is still alive and not only alive struggling to bounce back, the example can be the wheat production of 24 million metric tons in 2009 after the rains in the harvesting season. Pakistan exported 4 million ton Rice in the year 2010-11, after all Pakistan is still among the leading cotton producers in the world with 11.7 million bales. this is just an example of the potential that this country have just give it a chance and it will stupefy everyone once again as it did in mid 60s with Green Revolution.

Post by:

Rai Azlan



Tourism in Pakistan through decades

Tourism in Pakistan

As portrayed by the Western media that Pakistan is a state of Islamic hardliners and fundamentalists, who promote training camps for terrorism and with an image of a male dominated society with no women rights and cheating is a common trait, Pakistan looks as if it is a tough sell to the prospective tourists en masse. Though the West has not heard of Pakistan’s diverse culture, breathtaking scenery, sprawling deserts and splashing rivers, enthralling mountains and sandy beaches with plentiful archaeological sites, it has a lot more to offer to the tourists who visit Pakistan.

Tourism in Pakistan is still in nascent stage due to the geo-political conditions, social and economic constraints; despite that, The Pakistan Tourism Development Corporation (PTDC) has played a key role in promoting tourism in Pakistan. PTDC was incorporated in 1970 and since then it is striving to attract tourists from every corner of the globe. However, the frail tourism regulatory framework since 1947 and lack of prioritization by the government towards the tourism industry has battered this beautiful land with ancient historical places and enchanting flora and fauna.

Tourism in Pakistan has seen a decline through decades as now Pakistan is being considered as one of the most dangerous destinations to visit. The military operations in Pakistan’s scenic sites viz. Swat and other areas of Khybar Pakhtoonkhwa have dealt an enormous thump to the tourism industry. Not only this is the reason, the low tourist volume is also blamed for the weak marketing strategies to attract tourists along with a constricted perception about Pakistan’s tourism. In a pre-military operation era, Pakistan was earning a revenue of Rs 18 billion though tourism, however, currently the tourism industry is incurring a loss of Rs 3.5 billion.

Government of Pakistan seems oblivious to the great potential of the tourism industry with is currently on the verge of a collapse. Measures should be taken for the survival of this industry as Pakistan has plentiful tourist destinations where rich culture, excellent cuisine, enchanting metro life and captivating green fields and golden sandy beaches are waiting to welcome the tourists.

Post by:

Humaira Asad

Cinema in Pakistan through decades

by on August 1, 2011
in Pakistan through decades

Pakistani cinema

Bollywood is killing our Pakistani film industry says one of our actors; our film industry has been hijacked more appropriately. Many of the cinemas have been closed and Lahore only produces 20 films a year which are of extremely low budget where as Mumbai (Bollywood) produces about 1000 of the fraction with 1.3 billion dollar budget each year.

Our great and famous Pakistani actor Ghulam Mohiudin who has done about 400 hundred Lollywood films says that our films have been replaced by Indian high budget films because our public would not like to go for low budget when they have got a far better option to follow. The legendary Pakistani actors mark 1960’s as the golden era of lollyword when the streets of Lahore were filled with art deco cinemas and packed houses. In the 1980’s we were producing about hundred films each year which were reduced to 20 a few years ago. Although now I see the Pakistani cinema rising up with the release of one of the greatest Pakistani movie Khuda Key Liye directed by Shoaib Mansoor a story of a man who was imprisoned for being a suspect of the 9/11 incident and how his brother claims to be the right Muslim. Though some of our Pakistani directors like Syed Noor and Shoaib Mansoor have tried to build up something that can catch the attention of the public but more effort is required. Today the movie land is found dead with most of them have been made car parks and other shopping malls. In such circumstances no one in the producer’s group dares to bring up money to invest on a film which wouldn’t be watched.

Let’s just imagine if you are given a choice and you have to choose only one i.e. Hollywood greatest movie Avatar and Pakistani film Mein Eik Din Laut Key Ayoonga you will definitely like to go for Avatar just because it is more technical and doesn’t have typical movie idea at least different.

With the release of Pakistani movie Bol we have seen a lot of audience moving around in the cinemas, and the ideas that have been portrayed in the film are quite different far from being certain. With the upcoming cinestar cinemas all around Pakistan there is a vast range of audience seeing entering and spending money. Now with the advancing in the theatres our producers and directors are more likely to take notice on making movies that would captivate the audience. Pakistani movie Love Mein Ghum produced by Reema Khan, one of our finest Pakistani movie actress, this movie is considered to be of the highest budget this year or over the decade. The movie has been shot in Malaysia.

We have also seen our stars migrating to Bollywood and making films there rather then Lollywood just because they are not provided with the good casting team and good choice and budget. Ali Zafar has worked on a lot of projects abroad like Tere Bin Laden and Mere Brother ki Dulhan. However the Pakistani small screen cinema has made a worth applaud progress over the years by introducing many channels. These channels hav entertained the Pakistani audience here in Pakistan and abroad with extremely good dramas like Alpha Bravo Charlie, Waris, Meri zaat zara e benishan have got the highest audience.

Pakistani Cinema has surely got a lot of potential and talent and it can be taken somewhere else like on the top but in a long time like 2 to 3 decades. However we can see the all the progress with the release of good films this year.

Post by:

Maheen Ahmed

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