Project to Breed Salt-tolerant Rice and new corn varieties in Pakistan
Like in most of the Asian countries, agricultural rice is one of the most important crops in Pakistan for the reason that it forms part of the staple diet of most of the people. Besides this, rice is also important for Pakistan for being one of the export items earning more reserves. According to recent reports, agricultural rice accounts for $42 million of the export income annually. Nevertheless, one of the problems which haunt the production of agricultural rice in Pakistan is the salinity, which is contaminating. As a result, almost 2.7 million hectares of land devoted to rice cultivation goes to waste every year. There have been efforts by rice breeders to counter this problem, but the magnitude of this concern deserves even more consistent and severe action. Pakistan has decided to go ahead with a project to reduce the salinity of the cultivated land in order to increase the agricultural rice production. This would greatly help in increasing the total yield and, thus, ultimately contribute to escalating the export ranks. Apart from this, the increased yield could also serve in case of natural calamities, when the nation would require high reserves of rice for its own.
In a bid to improve the variety and yield of the agricultural corn produced in the country, the Pakistan government has given the go-ahead for the agricultural think-tank to introduce new corn varieties. Apart from the obvious effects of increased yield, there are many advantages of using this new variety of agricultural corn. For instance, it helps in the immense production of food grade lactic acid. Pakistan has been for the utilization of various novel and innovative methods for increasing the yield of its crops ever since the weather conditions have taken a turn for the worse. It realizes the dire need for increasing the yield of staple and regular crops like rice, wheat, agricultural corn, etc. Apart from the utilization of new methods of farming and cultivation, Pakistan has also employed the use of a whole new variety of seeds which are pre-treated to give an increased yield of products. Also, the Pakistan government has advocated the wide-spread use of fertilizers and additives which would heighten the yield without spoiling the output. A huge amount of monetary inputs are being made in this field for further research and development.
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