Pakistan Tourism: Top Ten Glaciers of Pakistan

Glaciers of Pakistan

Glaciers are made up of mass snow accumulation on a land over a long period of time. Glaciers vary according to their sizes and play a major role in keeping the atmosphere cool. There are many glaciers in Pakistan that are famous as trekking sites and tourist attractions. Most of the glaciers are located in Northern areas of Pakistan, especially around Karakoram mountain range. These glaciers are a special focus of attention for travelers all around the world and are frequently visited by people coming from all parts of the world. Their undisturbed beauty and lack of pollution in the surrounding environment makes them great trekking locations. The glaciers are a valuable asset of Pakistan because of helping the region keep its temperature normal which would have been enormously hot. These glaciers also add to the scenic beauty of Pakistan making her a beautiful country with rich natural scenery. The glaciers are quite large in number and therefore all of them cannot be mentioned here. However, a list of top ten glaciers of Pakistan on the basis of being the largest ones with their locations has been jotted down below:

1)      Siachen Glacier at Karakoram range, Baltistan

2)      Batura Glacier at Karakoram range

3)      Hispar Glacier at Karakoram range

4)      Biafo Glacier at Karakoram range, Shigar

5)      Baltoro Glacier at Karakoram range

6)      Yengunta Glacier at Karakoram range, Baltistan

7)      Chianter Glacier at Hindukush, Chitral

8)      Tirich Mir Glacier at Hindukush, Chitral

9)      Chogo Lugma at Karakoram range-2

10)  Passu Glacier at Karakoram range, Hunza Valley

Rivers of Pakistan -The Soan River

by on February 3, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Soan River of Pakistan

It is an important stream in the Pothohar region in Pakistan and it drains most of its water. It originates from a small village Bun near the lower hills of Patriata and Murree. It also provides water to the Simly Dam which is a main reservoir of Islamabad city.

The river cuts through a mountain range near the Pharwala fort which is called Soan which is a natural phenomenon. It is not possible for a stream to cut through a high mountain which proves that River Soan was there before the formation of this mountain range. It continued its path by cutting throught the mountains through millions of years.

Near Sihala Islamabad highway crosses the stream at the famous Cock Pull Bridge. Lai stream joins it near Soan Camp and then it flows through a big curve and reach Kalabagh and drops into the River Indus. The stream is relatively small in size i.e. 250 kilometers. It is hardly used for irrigation purposes because of its tortuous path and shallow bed. Many species of fish are present in River Soan with Rahu and Kingfisher being the main fish. The river forms the northern border of District Bannu also. The Soan Culture is one of the oldest evidence of human civilizations which is about 100,000 – 150,000 years old and it was found in the River Soan.

Rivers of Pakistan -The Gilgit River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Gilgit river of Pakistan

It is a tributary of the of River Indus flowing past the town of Gilgit in Pakistan. The river is located in the northern areas of Azad Kashmir and originates from the Shandur lake. Gilgit river is very beautiful. Driving up from Gilgit up to Shandur top, the river flows side by side. It is extremely picturesque. It can be very easily said that some of the most beautiful spots in Pakistan naturally suitable for photography are located near this river. River Gilgit eventually joins river Indus down the stream.

Shandur is a route from Gilgit to Chitral in the Hindu Kush range and is at a height of approximately 12,000 feet. Annual polo game is played in this area with the representation of the Gilgit and Chitral cities. Gilgit river is one of the most important rivers in the Northern areas of Pakistan. As that region is completely mountainous, there are many rivers which flow through those mountains and later fall into the mighty river indus. However, Gilgit river is more important due to the size of this river. Also, this river is located near the most developed and urbanized city of Gilgit baltistan region which adds to the importance of this river.

Rivers of Pakistan – Lyari River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Lyari river of Pakistan

There are only two rivers in Karachi; one is Malir river and the other one is River Lyari. It is a small stream flowing through Karachi from north east to the center and drops into the Arabian Sea at the Monora channel. The river is approximately 30 miles or 50 kilometers long and it carries collected water from the rains in the catchment area.

The river had fish and clean water with farming done on its bank until 1950. After the independence Karachi bacame the capital of Pakistan and a huge number of refugees came into the city. The river’s ecology started to transform and slowly and steadily it discharged sewage, waste water and industrial wastes.

Due to some occasional floods in the surroundings of the river and the havoc caused by heavy rains in 1977 flood barriers were build along River Lyari. An express was planned with a length of about 16.5 kilometers through the city along both sides of the river banks of Lyari many years back. The work started in 2002 and got completed in 2009. This river is not as beautiful as many other rivers in Pakistan. However, Lyari river has its own importance due to its location and due to which it is considered among one of the most important rivers in Pakistan.

Rivers of Pakistan – Zhob River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Zhob river of pakistan

This river is located in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The name is in Iranic and is similar to the Little Zab river and the Great Zab river of Iraq and the Pamirs. The water melting from the Sulaiman mountains forming this river which then flows through the province and drops into the River Gomal near Khajuri Kachadd. The city located at the bank of this river is called Zhob city.

The two main channels of darinage for this river are River Kundar and River Zhob whixh flow into River Gomal. The river flows from southwestern direction to the northeast and rises at Tesari Mehtarazai pass with a water shedding a distance of about 400 km. River Kundar rises from the highest point of the Tobakakar range near Sakir and constitutes the long boundary between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Baskan, Sri Toi, Surab, Chukhan and Sawar are the other subsidiaries of River Zhob. Zhob river is of very high importance to the local community. This is because of the fact that this river flows through a region which faces drought almost every year. There are very few sources of water and thus this natural source of water is of utmost importance to the local community.

Rivers of Pakistan – The Neelum River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Neelum river of pakistan

This river is located in the Kashmir region of both Pakistan and India and is also called the River Kishanganga in India. The river originates from the Indian side and enters Pakistan’s territory in the Gurais sector  of the line of control running westwards meeting River Jehlum in the north of Muzzafarabad. It was given the name Neelum either because of its sky blue color or due to the precious gem neelum( ruby) which is present in the area.

The beautiful valley of Neelum located in the Azad Kashmir at the bank of the river has captivating views. This valley can be entered through two routes; one by the Neelum road from Muzzafarabad and the other by Julkhan road from Kaghan.

It is a lush green and fertile valley about 250 kilometers long stretching its ways from the District of Muzzafarabad to Athmuqan and further to Taobutt.  Neelum has always had a great importance due to its attractiveness and fertility. Tourists come here every year especially in the summers to enjoy its forests, slop hills, waterfalls, greenery and pleasant weather. Many fruits grow in this area and they taste like heaven. The Azad Kashmir department of tourism has build many Guest houses in almost all the main areas. There are many hotels of good standard at the bank of River Neelum giving a reamrkable view of the river from every window.

In 2005 earthquake it was badly effected and most of its roads were damaged becoming inaccessible for the outside world. A new international standard road is under construction

Indian goverenment has been planning a power project at the Neelum river banks by diverting the water through the mountains to Bandipore joining the Wular lake and then River Jehlum. Pakistan claims it to be against the Indus waters treaty. Pakistan has also decided to build a hydro power project acroos Jehlum with the assistance of China.

Rivers of Pakistan – River Sutlej

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

River Sutlej of Pakistan

It is the longest river out of the five in Punjab of Pakistan and India. Its location is south of the Hindu Kush,  north of the Vindhya range (India) and east of the Sulaiman range in Pakistan. It is also known as the Red River and is the eastern tributary of River Indus.

It originates in Tibet  near Mount Kailas and flows generally towards the west entering Pakistan through the historical fomer state of Bahawalpur. On its south is arid known as Cholistan which is a part of Bahawalpur state. It then joins River Beas (India) and then continues to flow southwest in Pakistan to join River Chenab near Bahawalpur and finally drops into the  great River Indus at Mithankot.

Origin of River Sutlej Basin of River Sutlej Length of River Ravi River System
Mt. Kailash in Western Tibet Pakistan and India 1,551 kilometers Indus River System


The allocation of waters of River Sutlej are under the Indus Water Treaty between India  and Pakistan. India has built many projects on the river and most of its waters are diverted to their irrigation canals. They only opens the bridges when the floods come in their areas creating more problems for Pakistan.  There is another pending project in India of a lond heavy freight canal by connecting the Yamuna and Sutlej river but is has been objected by the Pakistani government through Supreme Court.

Important Industries of Pakistan

by on February 2, 2011
in Economy of Pakistan

Industries of Pakistan

The industrial sector of Pakistan accounts for almost 24% of the GDP. The largest industry in the country is cotton textile and apparel accounting for almost 66% of the exports and about 40% of the employed labour. The other major industries include cement, edible oil, fertilizers, steel, tobacco, chemical, sports goods, machinery and food processing.

The Government is trying to diversify the industrial base and improve our export capacity. Privatization of parastatal units is being done on a large scale and growth has accelerated in the overall industrial output.

Lets take a look at the important industries of the country.

Cotton Industry of Pakistan

Cotton industry is the leading industry of Pakistan. We are not only self sufficient in fulfilling the local demands of cotton goods but are also exporting to other countries and earn foreign exchange through this sector. Due to the perfect climate and soil 1.3 million out of 5 million farmers in Pakistan cultivate cotton. On the average around 30 to 40 percent of the cotton is consumed locally and the rest is exported in raw or finished form to many countries of the world.

In the past most of the raw cotton was exported but now more emphasis is being given on the export of finished products as value added commodities bring in much more earnings for the country. Pakistan earns 55% of its foreign exchange through exports of raw cotton, cotton yarn, cloth and garments and other cotton products, which together make up about 70% of Pakistan’s total exports per year.

Pakistan is the 5th largest producer of cotton, 3rd largest exporter of raw cotton, 4th largest consumer of cotton and the largest exporter of cotton yarn.

Cotton industry has four main processes, including:

  1. Ginning: Cotton lint is separated from the seeds.
  2. Spinning: Cotton fibres are turned into yarn.
  3. Weaving: Cotton yarn is woven into cloth.
  4. Garment-manufacturing: The woven cloth is finally given shape of clothes.


Pakistan has shown remarkable growth in the production of cotton products. Spinning industry has shown great improvements in its production during last five years and an increase in its capacity from 5.27M.spindles and 77000 rotors in 1990 to 8.63M spindles and 132000 rotors in 1995.  Same is with the production of yarn; it also showed an increase in its production from 1055.23M.K.Gs in 1990 to 1415.20M.K.Gs in 1995.

Currently there are 493 textile units working in Pakistan, out of which 53 are composite units, 410 are the spinning mills and 30 are the waste spinning units. There are around 700 spindles, 27,000 looms in the mills sector, and 250,000 in the non mills sector, 700 knitwear units, 4000 garments units, 650 dyeing and finishing units and around 1000 ginneries. These units are mostly in the Province of Punjab. Large numbers of textile mills are also present in and around Karachi, as it is a metropolitan city and have a sea port with transportation being much simpler than other cities. Other main cities for this sector are Faisalabad and Hyderabad and both have mills close to the cotton producing areas.

Cotton industry is facing many problems that include inconsistent production of cotton crop, improper system of stabilizing the prices of cotton and yarn, lack of timely modernization of the industrial machineries, lack of skilled labour and the most prominent current problem is load shedding of electricity and natural gas. Pakistan is also facing a decline in the production of cotton in the last 4-5 years and the local consumption is increasing as compared to India whose production gained prominent increase in the same period.

It is also facing a recession phase because of its prices. It is under a fierce competition with the countries with low cost prices as Pakistani products are comparatively high in price due to high cost of electricity, instable political and financial circumstances and untimely changes in the terms and conditions of exports.

Cement Industry of Pakistan

by on February 2, 2011
in Economy of Pakistan

Best Way cement in Haripur Pakistan

Cement is one of the most important industries of Pakistan. Limestone and gypsum are the main raw materials for manufacturing of cement and they are present in abundance in Pakistan along with good supply of Natural gas. This great potential makes the country capable of producing cement not only for local use but also for export as well. Pakistan cement industry has exporting cement to the neighbouring countries like U.A.E, Afghanistan, India, Iraq and Russia.

At present there are 22 cement plants are operating in Pakistan with the production of approximately 9.403 million tonnes. Out of these 22 cement plants, 17 are private and 5 are publicr. 11 new plants are also in planning stage and the capacity of these plants is estimated around 12.988 million tonnes. The industry has achieved a growth of 32% with the domestic demand increasing by around 24.95% and the exports by nearly 111.86% according to the financial year end June 30, 2007 ratings. Recently the country has been able to export to some of the African countries as well.

Cement industry is divided into two main regions; the northern and the southern region. Northern region is producing 35.18 million tonnes and southern region is producing 8.89 million tonnes of cement per year.

Per capita consumption of cement is an indicator of rate with which any country is developing. Unfortunately per capita consumption of cement in Pakistan is less if we compare it with other developing countries. It is about 131 kg per person annually; whereas world average is about 270 kg. This less consumption is due to the negligence given to the construction sector. However in last few years consumption of cement showed some rise due to increased commercial activities, infrastructural development and increasing demand of constructing houses.

Local demand for the year 2007-2008 was 20 million tonnes. Pakistan has started exporting cement few years back and has earned repute as a premium quality cement producer in the global market in this short period. Pakistan exported around 7.716 million tonnes of cement in 2007-2008 and earned a foreign exchange of 459 million dollars. There is surely a great potential of growth in this industry in Pakistan.

Lakes of Pakistan –The Upper and Lower Kachura Lakes

by on December 9, 2010
in lakes of pakistan

Lakes in Pakistan- Lower Kachura Lake - Skardu

Upper Kachura lake has a rare beauty on earth and keeps its viewers spellbound. It is full of wild apricot trees and rich floral gardens with preserved natural beauty is at its top. Many activities like hiking, mountaineering, fishing and enjoying azure water can be done here. However, it is not explored by many tourists due to lack of infrastructure and less attention on its promotion.

The Upper kachura lake has beautiful clear water of a depth of about 70 meters. In summer season the temperature around this place is around 15 degrees celcius but in winters the place becomes solid with pilled up and frozen snow. Indus river is located close this lake at a relatively lower level then this lake. All this is filled with sand therefore the lake cannot have any inflow from of the water streams.

Lower Kachura Lake is also commonly known as Shangrila Lake is located at a 20 minutes drive from the town of Skardu. There is a tourist resort called Shangrila Resort famous for attracting domestic and international visitors’ since1983. This resort was established by Late Brig. Muhammad Aslam Khan who was the first commander of Pakistani Army for Northern Scouts. Shangrila was named after James Hilton’s famous book ‘Lost Horizons’. The story is about a plane crash near a river bed in the year 1920. The lost survivors found help from a few Buddhist monks from a temple nearby. These monks looked very young though they claimed to be over hundred years old. When asked the reason for their young looks, they took them to an enchanted place with lots of fruit trees and colorful flowers. Because of its captivating view and out of this world looks, this place was called Shangri-la which is a Tibetan word that means ‘Heaven on Earth’. After visiting these lakes no one can deny the fact it really deserves this name.

There is also a unique restaurant on the resort for the tourists. People also visit the great Deosai Plains from here and enjoy a lifetime experience.


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