Rivers of Pakistan – River Sutlej

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

River Sutlej of Pakistan

It is the longest river out of the five in Punjab of Pakistan and India. Its location is south of the Hindu Kush,  north of the Vindhya range (India) and east of the Sulaiman range in Pakistan. It is also known as the Red River and is the eastern tributary of River Indus.

It originates in Tibet  near Mount Kailas and flows generally towards the west entering Pakistan through the historical fomer state of Bahawalpur. On its south is arid known as Cholistan which is a part of Bahawalpur state. It then joins River Beas (India) and then continues to flow southwest in Pakistan to join River Chenab near Bahawalpur and finally drops into the  great River Indus at Mithankot.

Origin of River Sutlej Basin of River Sutlej Length of River Ravi River System
Mt. Kailash in Western Tibet Pakistan and India 1,551 kilometers Indus River System

 

The allocation of waters of River Sutlej are under the Indus Water Treaty between India  and Pakistan. India has built many projects on the river and most of its waters are diverted to their irrigation canals. They only opens the bridges when the floods come in their areas creating more problems for Pakistan.  There is another pending project in India of a lond heavy freight canal by connecting the Yamuna and Sutlej river but is has been objected by the Pakistani government through Supreme Court.

Lakes of Pakistan – Manchar Lake

by on December 9, 2010
in lakes of pakistan

Lakes in Pakistan- Manchar Lake - Sindh

Birth Water type Location Ranking Area In flows-Canals Out flow-River Elevation Surface Area
1930’s Fresh water 18 km from Sehwan Sharif, District Dadu, Sindh Largest in South Asia Over 100 sq. miles Aral Wah & Danister West of River Indus 34m, 

112ft

350 sq km-520 sq km

In the west of Kirthar hills and Laki hills being on the south is a beautiful and wide natural lake called Manchar Lake. It is the largest lake not only in Pakistan but in the whole South Asia. It was made when the Sukkur barrage was constructed in 1930’s. It is fed by Aral Wah and Danister canals. It has also been providing homeland nearby until recently to a large number of fishermen’s families. The lake also has been home to thousands of Siberian migrating water birds. The lake fish being the main food for these birds and they have lived around the lake for years.

The lake is undergoing degradation for a long time now but the effects have just been visible recently. The water has been diverted from River Indus and storm runoff has decreased from the Kirthar mountains, which have reduced the supply of fresh water to the lake. Saline water is also flowing into the lake from the agricultural land in its surroundings. Its water is becoming saline, killing off fish and discouraging migrating birds. The number migrating birds is dropping down each year due to wide reduction in fish. Like it decreased to 2,800 in 2002 as compared to 25,000 in 1988. This lake has been providing large amount of water for irrigation which is also getting effected.

However, 700 cusecs water was flowed into the lake from River Indus in August 2009. The authorities are taking notice of the situation and with time this lake will get its number of inhabitants back.

Manchar lake is populated by the Mohana’s houseboat people now a days.

Why we love Pakistan? Because of its resilient and determined people!

Why we love Pakistan? Because of its resilient and determined people!

The more we dig in to know what Pakistan means to its people, the more we come to know of the passion and zeal Pakistanis have to do something for this country. One such heart touching and dignified proclamation has been made by Farheen Zaki who once was hardcore bank employee and now is playing a housewife role. Lets hear Farheen’s love for this beautiful country:

“It is quite natural to love your native country and I love Pakistan for the same reason.I t was a dream of Iqbal and fruit to the years long struggle and sacrifices of our ancestors under the dynamic leadership of our Quaid. Freedom is indeed a great blessing.Ask about it from the Muslims of Palestine and Kashmir.”

“Pakistan is not an ordinary country to love only for this common reason. It is the land of ancient civilization with rich cultural foundations.Its people are the proud inherent of Mohenjo Daro and Harrapa. It is blessed with all the natural resources and scenic beauty of Mother nature.It holds 4 out of 14 highest peaks in the world, 2nd largest salt mines,world s largest deep seaport and one of the largest deserts of the world. It also holds worlds 7th largest standing Arm force(pride of our nation) and is the 7th nuclear power of the world. The Karakorum highway it possess is considered to be the eighth wonder of the world.”

“Pakistan is a land of fertile soil, diverse wild life, fresh water lakes, serene beauty and a long coastal line. From the snow capped peaks of Himalayas in the north to the mangroves of the Indus delta on the other end, Pakistan is a true picture of Allah’s glory. I recently took a road trip from Lahore to Karachi and witnessed how the rich fertile land of Punjab turns into the mystic desert of Sindh. Within hours the whole scene changed even the color of the soil, cattle, atmosphere, language, dresses and crops changed. The diversity of our country is unique.”

“But the real power of this country is its people. People with strong determination, people who have lived in hard times and emerged as united nation after every calamity. It has been very unlucky as far as leadership is concerned. But it does not belong to the few elites who have been ruling it since the independence. It belongs to the farmers and workers and every citizen of this country. Pakistanis have been resilient enough to withstand injustice, corruption and terrorism year after year. We as a nation have always stood united and helped each other in times of need.”

“Who says Pakistan has not grown in these 63 years. It is the same country which didn’t have office stationery at the time of its birth and today it’s a nuclear power and thus a threat to the so called super powers of the world.”

“Pakistan is ‘The Land of the Pure’. Each day the sun rises with new hope. I am quite sure that this nation who has survived famines, threats, blood sheds, natural calamities, injustice, exploitation, corrupt leaders and heavy criticism from the West can literally survive anything. We as a nation if stand united, rely on our own resources and put all our belief in Allah Almighty can defeat all enemies. This country has seen the worst now only good will happen and if my Allah stays with us we shall sooner or later see this country win for itself a place of great honor and pride. This is the only country taken in the name of Islam. If we all stand united under the umbrella of this ideology no one can degrade or defame us any longer. It is the time to strengthen our bond and stand upright in front of our enemies and win back our pride. And for the people who think this country is a shame and it will soon banish from the map of the world I have only one sentence.”

“Pakistan – Love it or Leave it.”

Canal System of Pakistan

by on January 31, 2010
in Hydropower

Thal_Canal of Pakistan

Irrigation is the man-made supply of water to the land to encourage vegetation. It is a substitute for inadequate or erratic rainfall and is extremely essential for arid regions where there are no rivers and also in humid regions to improve crop output. In Pakistan, 75% of the agricultural land is under irrigation. Three major water sources in Pakistan are rain water, ground water and rivers.

Irrigation system is not something new. Since olden days, people had devised various methods to water their fields. Some traditional methods of irrigation are Persian Wheel, Charsa and Shaduf. Karez is another traditional irrigation system practiced in Baluchistan only. Karez is a horizontal canal located mainly on the foot hills and it brings the under ground water to the surface. Modern advancements in the irrigation system are the perennial canals and tube wells.
Pakistan is basically a dry country with the River Indus and its tributaries being the main source of water supply. Dams both large and small and barrages have been built on the Indus and its tributaries. Large dams such as Tarbela Dam and Mangla Dam are multipurpose plans which not only store water, irrigate lands but also generate hydro electricity. Small dams like Khanpur Dam, Rawal Dam and Hub Dam supply water for agriculture, industrial and domestic purpose and act as a reservoir as well. A hilly terrain is required to build a dam. Barrages on the other hand are built on flat places they also supply water for irrigation purpose and industrial and domestic use. Some barrages are Sukkur Barrage, Guddu Barrage, Kotri Barrage, and Chashma Barrage.

Canals are taken out from rivers, dams and barrages. Pakistan has one of the largest canal irrigation systems in the world. The Inundation canals are taken from rivers and they receive water only when the water level in the rivers is high such as during floods. The perennial canals are taken from dams and barrages and supply water to the fields through out the year. In Pakistan there are 3 large dams, 85 small dams, 19 barrages, 12 inter link canals, 45 canals and 0.7 million tube wells to meet the commercial, domestic and irrigational needs of the country.

Provinces of Pakistan – Punjab

by on November 12, 2009
in Provinces

Province Punjab-Pakistan-Map

The province of Punjab in Pakistan is the backbone of the country. It is a land of high spirited people. Punjab has always been the seat of learning. The Buddhist University at Taxila is reputed to be the oldest university of the world. Punjab is dotted with ancient sites some dating back to thousands of years. The ruins of Indus Valley Civilization are found in Harappa. The Cholistan desert itself has some 300 historic sites. Multan one of the world’s oldest city is situated here. Punjab is also called the Bread Basket of Pakistan.

Punjab is the major agricultural contributor. It produces 68% of total crops grown in Pakistan. The rich alluvial soil together with abundant water supply provides favorable conditions for growing crops. The handicrafts of Punjab are exquisite and matchless and speak volumes of the people’s craftsmanship. Especially popular are the hand knotted carpets, embroidery, ceramics and glazed tiles. Sialkot the city of Punjab is a major supplier of sports goods and surgical instruments. Punjab has a fair share of monuments which are not only significant historically but are also a fine specimen of the architecture of that era. A large number of poets, intellects, sportsmen, artists, singers, actors have the honor of being associated with Punjab. Punjab is also the cultural capital of Pakistan. Nowhere in the world can you see so much diversity with harmony. Punjab is a place of colors and life.

Travel Pakistan – Reasons to visit Skardu and the Lakes in and near Skardu

by on August 22, 2009
in Travel Pakistan

Skardu valley of Pakistan

Reasons to visit Skardu

Skardu is located along the bank of mighty Indus River. It is the main town of Baltistan. Skardu is famous for the mountain peaks and the K2 base camp. The mountaineers come from all around the world to climb the peaks every year. This has made this town very popular with the foreigners and Pakistani equally. To better facilitate these mountaineers arrangements were made by the Pakistani Government and a daily flight from Islamabad was arranged.

The Indus River is very pleasant to watch from here. It becomes very wide and it also becomes very calm. This gives great scenery.

Skardu is also famous for Shangrila resort and Sadpara Lake. Many visitors from all around the Pakistan come here to spend the summers. Other famous place near Skardu is Shigar village. This village was once a small kingdom and still the ruins of the fort can be seen there. Now this fort has been renovated and it offers a great residential place for the visitors.

The lakes of Skardu

Skardu is very famous among the mountaineers for the base camp of K2 and for other peeks. The modern facilities are provided to the visitors including a resort and daily flight from Islamabad in order to make it easily reachable.

Apart from these attractions, Skardu is famous for its lakes. There are 3 lakes in and around Skardu. All these lakes are naturally beautiful and they attract many visitors and tourists.

1. Kachura Lake (Upper): The upper Kachara Lake is not that well known and is not famous among visitors.

2. Kachura Lake (lower): The lower Kachara Lake also known as Shangrila Lake is very popular among the visitors. There is a Shangrila resort that is built in Chinese style and it is a famous place among the Pakistani tourists.

3. Satpara Lake: Satpara Lake is the third lake in Skardu and it is the most famous lake in Pakistan with the photographers. This lake is responsible for the drinking water that is supplied in Skardu. The Lake has an abundance of Trout fish and many people come here for fishing.

4. Sheosar Lake: This lake is located in the Deosai plains located at a 3 hours jeep drive from Skardu.

Travel Pakistan – Hunza River and Khunjerab Top

by on August 7, 2009
in Travel Pakistan

Hunza river

The Hunza river-beauty at its best

Hunza River is the main river in the Hunza valley and it is the source of life for the Hunza valley and its surroundings. There are a few hanging bridges over the Hunza river which make it a must to see river. These hanging bridges are very old and they are at a great height hence they present a very eye catching scenery.

The Hunza valley depends upon river Hunza for water. The river finally flows into the Indus River which then discharges itself into the Arabian Sea near the port of Karachi. The Gigot River and Naltar River also fall into the Hunza River and hence join the great Indus River.

This river flows from north to south and cuts the great and mighty Karakoram Range. The Karakorum highway also crosses the river before it enters the valley of Hunza. At the point of crossing a bridge is built which is known as KKH (Karakorum Highway) bridge.

Khunjerab Pass-the highest paved path in the world

The Khunjerab pass is a mountain pass in the North of Pakistan along with the Pakistan-China border. The Khunjerab pass is famous for its height as it is the highest point on the Karakoram highway and not only that; it is also the highest paved crossing in the entire world. The Khunjerab pass is 870 km away from Islamabad, the federal capital of Pakistan and it was completed in 1982.

If you are planning a tour then make notice of the fact that the pass is closed between November 30 and May 1 due to heavy snow fall. The path is covered with snow during these months.

There is a national park in the vicinity known a Khunjerab National Park. This park has the Snow Leopard which is an endangered species. This climate is ideal for the leopard and the Government is trying to preserve the species by taking care of it.