This mountain range is located in Sindh. It extends about 190 miles southward from River Mula in Central Baluchistan to Muari on the Arabian Sea, west of Karachi.
This range forms a boundary between the southern Baluchistan on the West and the Lower Indus Plain on the East. There are several rock hills having heights around 4,000a ft in the south to 8,000 ft north. There is a huge Kirthar National Park being the largest reserve of wildlife in Sindh.
The highest elevation of this range was discovered very recently by Shaddan Shah i.e. on April 2009. He named it Koh-e-Benazir to honour the late Benazir Bhutto. Before this the highest was Kutte-ji-Kabar (Tomb of a Dog), which now is the second highest. Kirthar range has several peaks above 5,500 feet and get snowfall in the winters only occasionally. There is a famous Gorakh hill station 93 kilometers north of Dadu city.
Kirthar consists of regular anticlinal type mountains with steep arches on its north and west and gentle deep ones towards its south and the Indus valley. The inhabitants are Sindhi and Balochi tribal people mainly involved in flock grazing.
|Fact sheet of Kirthar Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Kirthar Range||Height of Kirthar Range Peaks (m)||Location of Kirthar Range Peaks|
|1||Koh-e-Benazir||2,151||North west of Gorakh hill|
|2||Kutte-ji-Kabar||2,097||Northern side of Kirthar|
|3||Gorakh hill||1,734||North west of Dadu|
Pakistan depends largely on agriculture for its economic development. A contribution of 30% to the GDP (Gross Domestic Production) makes Sindh the 2nd largest supplier of agricultural products. In the province of Sindh only 40% of the land can be cultivated. The rest comprises of the rugged and barren Kirthar Range and the sandy Thar Desert.
The climate of Sindh is sub-tropical. It experiences long summer spells with temperature shooting up to more than 45oC during May to August. Winters are cold with a minimum of 2oC during January- December. Rainfall is unpredictable and occurs mostly during July and August. With erratic rainfalls the only reliable source of water is the River Indus. Three barrages namely Guddu, Sukkur and Kotri are constructed over the Indus to supply water for irrigation.
Major areas where crops are cultivated are Khairpur, Nausharo Faroz, Nawabshah, Mirpur Khas, Larkana and Sukkur.
The fertile lands of the Lower Indus Plains along with the temperature are ideally suited for crops like wheat, rice, cotton and sugar cane. Sindh produces 35% of rice, 28% of sugar cane, 20% of cotton and 12% of wheat of the total production. Apart from these cash crops, fruits are also grown in the orchards of Sindh. Mangoes, bananas, dates, guavas and citrus fruit trees are grown here.
Sindh is especially known for its Sindhri Mangoes which are exported abroad as well. Sindh is also the largest chilies producer of the country. The red hot variety grown here is very much in demand across the globe.
A variety of flowers are grown for commercial scale for extracting essential oils and for oil-seeds.
The government of Pakistan has set up the Sindh Agricultural Department which provides assistance and guidance to the farmers.