Rivers of Pakistan – River Ravi

by on February 3, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Famous River Ravi of Pakistan

It was called Iravati or Parushani by Indians in Vedic times. It flows from west to southwest in Punjab Province of Pakistan near Bahawalpur for about 475 miles then joins the River Chenab

It is an integral part of the Indus River system as it forms the heads waters of the Indus basin. The river drains into the Indian Ocean through the River Indus. It rises in the Rohtang Pass in Himachal Pradesh, India. This is the smallest of the five rivers in Punjab Province. It originates in the Mid Himalayas from the glaciers and follows north wertern path. It is mostly fed by snow melt.

Origin of River Ravi Mouth of River Ravi Basin of River Ravi Length of River Ravi River System Tributaries of River Ravi Elevationof River Ravi
Chamba District of India River Chenab (Indo Pak Border) Pakistan and India 901 kilometers Indus River System Sutlej and Bias on the left, Chenab and Indus on the right 14,000 feet

River Ujh is on eof the tributary of River Ravi whose source is in Kailash mountains at an elevation of about 4,300 meters near Jammu district. It joins Ravi at Nainkot in Pakistan.

The main river flows past the Chamba town which is located at an elevation of 856 m. There used to be a long wooden bridge to cross the River Ravi. It flows along the border between India and Pakistan for about 80 kilometers or 50 miles before entering Pakistan and then joins with the River Chenab. . It skirts the historic city of Lahore below Amritsar In India so it is also called ‘The River of Lahore’. The famous tomb of Jehangir and the tomb of Noor Jahan is located on its west bank in the town of Shahdara in Lahore. It once skirted the Multan city and once flew near Lahore Fort. After passing form Lahore it turns at Kamlia joining River Chenab in the south of the town named Ahmadpur Sial.

Forts of Pakistan

by on November 25, 2009
in Exploring Amazing Pakistan

Qila_sheikhupura-Pakistan

Pakistan has a large number of historical forts. Built mainly to protect cities, they are also representing the architecture of their respective eras. Although time has diminished their grandeur, they still stand to tell the tale of their past glory. Some forts worth visiting are:

1. The Red Fort

Originally named Shahi Qila, (Shahi means Royal and Qila means fort) it was nick named Lal (Red) Qila because of the red bricks used in its construction. It was built during the reign of the Moghul emperor Akbar it is an outstanding example of Moghul architecture. Moti Masjid, Sheesh Mahal and other impressive buildings are housed in the Red fort.

2. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort lies 16km North West of the city of Jhelum on a tiny hillock 300 ft high. It was built by the Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri as a garrison fort. Sher Shah Suri had captured the throne after ousting the Moghul emperor Humayun and to stop him from re entering India, this fort was built. The architecture is a unique blend of Afghan and Indian style of construction.

3. Qila Sheikhupura

Qila Sheikhupura lies in the city of Sheikhpura some 35 km from Lahore. It was built during the reign of Emperor Jehangir in 1607.

4. Qila Sialkot

It is the oldest fort in Pakistan. It was built by Raja Salban in the 2nd century.C.E to defend the city from invasions.

5. Baltit Fort

It is situated in the scenic Hunza Valley, upper north of Pakistan. It was built 700 years ago and was the residence of the rulers who later abandoned it. It stands on a high rock on stilted legs. It is under the Aga Khan T rust for Culture Historic Cities Support Programme. Now turned into a museum, it is run by the Baltit Heritage Trust.

6. Rani Kot Fort

With a circumference of 24 km, it is the world’s largest fort. Rani Kot fort is located in the Kirthar range around 90 km from Karachi. A mystery regarding its origins shrouds the fort. No one knows who constructed it and why. The biggest enigma is its barren location.

7. Bala Hisar Fort

It is situated in the city of Peshawar. Constructed on a mound, it was named Bala Hisar (High Fort) by the Afghan ruler Taimoor Shah Durrani. It was destroyed and rebuilt a number of times. Bala Hisar has been serving as the Head Quarter of the Frontier Corps since 1949.