On November 17, 2014, Pakistan’s biggest vintage car rally was supported by INH automotive specialists. This event was the 5th Annual VCCCP Rally which was organized through a Vintage car show. On November 16, 2014, VCCCP hosted a public event from 11 in the morning to 5 in the evening. This event was organized at Royal Palm Club at Lahore. Where INH displayed 40 cars, a total of 70 vintage cars were on display in this event. Some of these cars were brought by the vintage car owners from places as distant from Lahore as Karachi is. Read more..
The history of Pakistani Airlines started with the merging of Orient Airways with international airlines cooperation of Pakistan. At that time Pakistan International Airlines was the only operator that provided travelling facilities to passengers. Meanwhile private airlines emerged and started their services in Pakistan. However, currently there exist only three main Pakistani airlines which include PIA, Air Blue and Shaheen Air.
Pakistan International Airlines (PIA), only airline owned by the Government of Pakistan, provides its travelling facilities to 42 international destinations and 27 domestic flights are operated by it. It has an employment rate of 18,043 according to the survey (2008). The main bases of PIA lay in three big cities of Pakistan namely Lahore, Karachi and Islamabad.
Air blue is the privately owned Pakistani airline which is the second largest domestic airline of Pakistan. It provides its services to five international destinations and four domestic places. Besides, another main Pakistani airline is Shaheen Air that is the private-based cooperation. Like Air Blue, it operates among main cities of Pakistan and schedules international flights to five or six destinations. The main base of both of these privately owned airlines exist at Jinnah International Airport in Karachi.
In addition to the currently serving airlines described above, there were few others that do not serve anymore due to some reasons. They include Aero Asia International, Pearl Air, Pakistan Airways and some others. Some of them closed their services long time ago and some had been suspended prior to poor management issues.
Pakistan has a rich cultural heritage and it is depicted in the form of marvelous structure built for the defense of a state or a country. There are many forts located all around the world that are of historical significance. The main purpose behind the construction of forts was to protect a country from invaders and enemies. However, they serve another purpose also which involves making a display of one’s architecture as depicted by its significance in a culture. Pakistan is proud to have enormous forts with beautiful architecture and rich cultural significance.Ranikot, the largest fort of the world is also situated in Pakistan. The reason behind the accumulation of forts in Pakistan lies in its history. As Pakistan initially was a part of Indo-Pak sub-continent, it had been ruled over by various monarchs including Mughals who were fond of art and architecture. Here a list of the famous forts of Pakistan has been presented naming only the top ten forts of Pakistan with their respective locations. These forts are a place of frequent local visits along with being famous tourist attractions
1) Ranikot Fort located in the province of Sindh.
2) Baltit Fort situated in Hunza Valley
3) Royal Fort located in Lahore
4) Rohtas Fort situated in Dina
5) Multan Fort located in Multan
6) Rawat Fort in Rawalpindi
7) Phrasal Fort in Rawalpindi
8) Red Fort of Muzaffarabad
9) Attock Fort of Rawalpindi
10) Giri Fort in Taxila
Bollywood is killing our Pakistani film industry says one of our actors; our film industry has been hijacked more appropriately. Many of the cinemas have been closed and Lahore only produces 20 films a year which are of extremely low budget where as Mumbai (Bollywood) produces about 1000 of the fraction with 1.3 billion dollar budget each year.
Our great and famous Pakistani actor Ghulam Mohiudin who has done about 400 hundred Lollywood films says that our films have been replaced by Indian high budget films because our public would not like to go for low budget when they have got a far better option to follow. The legendary Pakistani actors mark 1960’s as the golden era of lollyword when the streets of Lahore were filled with art deco cinemas and packed houses. In the 1980’s we were producing about hundred films each year which were reduced to 20 a few years ago. Although now I see the Pakistani cinema rising up with the release of one of the greatest Pakistani movie Khuda Key Liye directed by Shoaib Mansoor a story of a man who was imprisoned for being a suspect of the 9/11 incident and how his brother claims to be the right Muslim. Though some of our Pakistani directors like Syed Noor and Shoaib Mansoor have tried to build up something that can catch the attention of the public but more effort is required. Today the movie land is found dead with most of them have been made car parks and other shopping malls. In such circumstances no one in the producer’s group dares to bring up money to invest on a film which wouldn’t be watched.
Let’s just imagine if you are given a choice and you have to choose only one i.e. Hollywood greatest movie Avatar and Pakistani film Mein Eik Din Laut Key Ayoonga you will definitely like to go for Avatar just because it is more technical and doesn’t have typical movie idea at least different.
With the release of Pakistani movie Bol we have seen a lot of audience moving around in the cinemas, and the ideas that have been portrayed in the film are quite different far from being certain. With the upcoming cinestar cinemas all around Pakistan there is a vast range of audience seeing entering and spending money. Now with the advancing in the theatres our producers and directors are more likely to take notice on making movies that would captivate the audience. Pakistani movie Love Mein Ghum produced by Reema Khan, one of our finest Pakistani movie actress, this movie is considered to be of the highest budget this year or over the decade. The movie has been shot in Malaysia.
We have also seen our stars migrating to Bollywood and making films there rather then Lollywood just because they are not provided with the good casting team and good choice and budget. Ali Zafar has worked on a lot of projects abroad like Tere Bin Laden and Mere Brother ki Dulhan. However the Pakistani small screen cinema has made a worth applaud progress over the years by introducing many channels. These channels hav entertained the Pakistani audience here in Pakistan and abroad with extremely good dramas like Alpha Bravo Charlie, Waris, Meri zaat zara e benishan have got the highest audience.
Pakistani Cinema has surely got a lot of potential and talent and it can be taken somewhere else like on the top but in a long time like 2 to 3 decades. However we can see the all the progress with the release of good films this year.
Lance Naik Muhammad Mehfuz (October 25, 1944 – December 8, 1971) was an infantry soldier of Pakistan Army who embraced martyrdom at the Western Front during the 1971 Indo-Pak conflict. Mehfuz was born in Pind Malikan near Rawalpindi. He joined Pakistan Army on October 25, 1962.
During then 1971 Indo-Pak war, Lance Naik Muhammad Mehfuz was serving in ‘A’ Company of 15 Punjab Regiment. His unit was deployed at Wagah-Attari sector during the war. Though cease-fire was announced on December 16, 1971 but India was taking advantage of cease-fire by creeping into Pakistan’s territory. On the night of December 17-18, ‘A’ company was ordered to occupy Phul Kanjri village. Mehfuz who was posted in Platoon no. 3 was assigned in the leading assault party with his platoon comrades. The assault party was made to face heavy fire from the enemy pill boxes. These concrete pill boxes were inflicting heavy casualties to whole company which was only 70 yards away from the enemy position. During the assault, Indian forces had stated artillery fire causing setbacks to company’s plan. While advancing, Mehfuz lost his machine-gun due enemy shell; see this he charged towards the enemy bunker which was inflicting heavy casualties. By the time he had reached enemy bunker, his both legs were wounded by shell sprinters but he still managed to encounter his enemy. Though unarmed, he bayoneted enemy soldiers and neutralized fire from enemy bunker, thus making way for his company’s advance. He was given medical treatment but he died on the night of December 17, 1971.
He was buried in his hometown Pindi Malikan with full military honors. He was posthumously awarded Nishan e Haider for the supreme sacrificed by him. A garrison of Pakistan Army has been named after in Lahore which is known as Mehfuz Shaheed Garrison.
Major Shabbir Sharif (April 28, 1943 – December 7, 1971) was a Pakistani Army officer who embraced martyrdom at Western front during the 1971 Indo-Pak. Shabbir Sharif was born in Kunjah town of District Gujrat. He did O-Levels from St. Anthony’s High School, Lahore. He joined Government College, Lahore for further studies but he received call to join Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul before he could complete his studies. Sharif had an outstanding stay at the military academy and was given the prestigious ‘Sword of Honor’ on passing out. He was commissioned in Pakistan Army on April 19, 1964 and was posted to 6th Battalion of the Frontier Force Regiment (FF).
Shabbir Sharif participated in the 1965 Indo-Pak war as a young Lieutenant. He led many successful assaults on Indian forces. During the war, he got injured and was admitted in the Military Hospital but he escaped to rejoin his unit. He was later awarded the Sitara-e-Jurat for his bravery. In 1971, Pakistan Army decided to launch an offensive on the Western front to ease pressure on its forces fighting in the Eastern Front in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). Sharif by then had rose to the rank of Major by then. Major Shabbir Sharif was ordered to capture and attack an important linking bridge called ‘Gurmakhera Bridge’. Major Sharif and his troops carried out a successful assault despite of being outnumbered by Indian troops. In one of the fights with Indian troops, he engaged his counterpart Major Naryan Singh of 4 Jat in a man-to-man battle and was successful in killing him. But in the process his right shoulder was badly burnt. Another offensive was launched by Indian Army to eliminate Major Sharif’s troops on December 6, 1971. He kept leading his troops from the front despite of heaving injuries. On the morning of December 6, 1971 heaving shelling started from Indian tanks. One of the shells landed near Major Shabbir Sharif throwing him and other troops in air. He embraced martyrdom few seconds later after falling on ground. His lasts words were “don’t lose the bridge’.
Major Shabbir Sharif was buried in his hometown with full military honors. He was posthumously awarded ‘Nishan-e-Haider’. He is the only person who has been awarded both highest gallantry awards; Sitara-e-Jurat and Nishan-e-Haider which makes him the highest decorated soldier of Pakistan Armed Forces.
Major Raja Aziz Bhatti (1928 – September 11, 1965) was a Pakistani Army officer who embraced martyrdom during the Indo-Pak war of 1965. Major Aziz Bhatti was born to a Muslim Rajput family in Hong Kong, his family moved to Pakistan before its independence in 1947. Major Aziz Bhatti’s father Abdullah Bhatti was a school master. Major Aziz Bhatti joined Pakistan Army in 1948. He had excellent student career in the then newly built Pakistan Military Academy, Abbotabad; he was awarded Sword of Honor and Norman Medal by the Prime Minister Liaqat Ali Khan. After passing out in 1950, Major Aziz Bhatti was commisned in Punjab Regiment. During his career of 15 years in the army; Major Bhatti served at various command and staff appointments of the Pakistan Army.
Major Aziz Bhatti was appointed as the Company Commander of a Punjab regiment before the outbreak of war between India and Pakistan in 1965. As the tensions escalated between the two countries, forces were ordered to get themselves prepared for any eventuality. Major Aziz Bhatti was given the command of Burki sector of Lahore. He laid a perfect model of defensive tactics and used every available thing for it. After the start of war Major Aziz Bhatti decided to stay with his forward troops instead of going back to Command post. He led his troops and did not sleep for almost three days. He and his men defend the strategically important BRB canal against enemy attacks for five days and nights despite of repeated attacks by Indian army.
In order to see every moment of Indian forces, Major Aziz Bhatti kept himself on elevated positions. He directed accurate fire to artillery which resulted in heavy loss of men and tanks to Indian forces. He kept leading his men from the front despite of heavy artillery fire from enemy positions. On September 11 as he was directing artillery fire he was hit by an enemy tank shell in the chest and embraced martyrdom.
He was buried in his village Ladian, Gujrat. He left 6 children and a wife. He later awarded Nishan-e-Haider for the supreme sacrifice offered by him. He is the only recipient of Nishan-e-Haider from the 1965 Indo-Pak War.
Lieutenant Syed Yaser Abbas Shaheed (July 22, 1987 – May 22, 2011) was an aeronautical engineer of Pakistan Navy. He completed his basic education from famous Pakistani school, Army Public School & Colleges System. He joined Pakistan Navy in 2005 and embraced martyrdom on May 24, 2011 during attack on PNS Mehran. His name has been recommended for Nishan-e-Haider (Pakistan’s highest award for valor). He will be the first person from Pakistan Navy to receive this award.
Yaser was born in a Pakistani army family; his maternal grandfather and father was Colonel in the Medical branch of Pakistan Army. Yaser had three sisters. After doing intermediate from famous Pakistani college Garrison Degree College, Lahore Cantt Yaser appeared for Pakistan Air Force but he was rejected citing eye problem. He was offered education abroad by his father but he refused and appeared for entry in Pakistan Navy. He was selected for 67th CAE/EC course of Aeronautical engineering at College of Aeronautical Engineering, Pakistan Airforce Academy. After graduating from PAF academy, Lt. Yaser was posted at PNS Mehran of Pakistan Navy.
Lt. Yaser was the duty officer and incharge of Quick Reaction Force on the night of May 22, 2011 when terrorists attacked PNS Mehran. On hearing sounds of blasts he rushed to check it but was stopped by Navy guards from going their but without caring for his life and he endangered his life and went to check. He was attacked by terrorists attacking the base but Lt. Yaser kept his ground and engaged terrorists for almost half an hour. During this he received 3 bullets (1 in heart and 2 in abdomen). He was taken to PNS Rahat but embraced martyrdom in operation theatre. He was buried in his native city Lahore on May 23, 2011. Prime Minister of Pakistan Yousaf Raza Gilani has recommend Nishan-e-Haider for the gallantry shown by the young officer of Pakistan Navy.
It was called Iravati or Parushani by Indians in Vedic times. It flows from west to southwest in Punjab Province of Pakistan near Bahawalpur for about 475 miles then joins the River Chenab
It is an integral part of the Indus River system as it forms the heads waters of the Indus basin. The river drains into the Indian Ocean through the River Indus. It rises in the Rohtang Pass in Himachal Pradesh, India. This is the smallest of the five rivers in Punjab Province. It originates in the Mid Himalayas from the glaciers and follows north wertern path. It is mostly fed by snow melt.
|Origin of River Ravi||Mouth of River Ravi||Basin of River Ravi||Length of River Ravi||River System||Tributaries of River Ravi||Elevationof River Ravi|
|Chamba District of India||River Chenab (Indo Pak Border)||Pakistan and India||901 kilometers||Indus River System||Sutlej and Bias on the left, Chenab and Indus on the right||14,000 feet|
River Ujh is on eof the tributary of River Ravi whose source is in Kailash mountains at an elevation of about 4,300 meters near Jammu district. It joins Ravi at Nainkot in Pakistan.
The main river flows past the Chamba town which is located at an elevation of 856 m. There used to be a long wooden bridge to cross the River Ravi. It flows along the border between India and Pakistan for about 80 kilometers or 50 miles before entering Pakistan and then joins with the River Chenab. . It skirts the historic city of Lahore below Amritsar In India so it is also called ‘The River of Lahore’. The famous tomb of Jehangir and the tomb of Noor Jahan is located on its west bank in the town of Shahdara in Lahore. It once skirted the Multan city and once flew near Lahore Fort. After passing form Lahore it turns at Kamlia joining River Chenab in the south of the town named Ahmadpur Sial.
Situated in the old part of the city of Lahore in the province of Punjab, Pakistan is the 18th century Sunehri Masjid (The Golden Mosque). It was built by Nawab Syed Bhikari Khan the governor of Lahore during Moghul Emperor Mohammed Shah’s reign.
Located in the centre of the old bazaar, the mosque is built on a raised platform and features a grand entrance, a big courtyard, three gilded domes (a large one in the centre flanked by a smaller dome on each side) and four tall minarets which stand proudly in ach corner of the rectangular structure. The mosque is known for its three gilded domes and the gilded tops of the minarets which sparkle in the sunlight. The Sunehri Mosque is also famous for the frescos adorning its walls. To enter the mosque, you have to climb a flight of stairs. The mosque also features a spacious outdoor courtyard for prayers. As the name indicates, it is a very beautiful mosque located in Pakistan. Along with its attraction as a place to worship, it is known very well for the tourism potential this place has. People visit this masjid from various parts of Pakistan. Some outsiders also visit this masjid for the sheer beauty of it.