Lakes of Pakistan – Manchar Lake

by on December 9, 2010
in lakes of pakistan

Lakes in Pakistan- Manchar Lake - Sindh

Birth Water type Location Ranking Area In flows-Canals Out flow-River Elevation Surface Area
1930’s Fresh water 18 km from Sehwan Sharif, District Dadu, Sindh Largest in South Asia Over 100 sq. miles Aral Wah & Danister West of River Indus 34m, 


350 sq km-520 sq km

In the west of Kirthar hills and Laki hills being on the south is a beautiful and wide natural lake called Manchar Lake. It is the largest lake not only in Pakistan but in the whole South Asia. It was made when the Sukkur barrage was constructed in 1930’s. It is fed by Aral Wah and Danister canals. It has also been providing homeland nearby until recently to a large number of fishermen’s families. The lake also has been home to thousands of Siberian migrating water birds. The lake fish being the main food for these birds and they have lived around the lake for years.

The lake is undergoing degradation for a long time now but the effects have just been visible recently. The water has been diverted from River Indus and storm runoff has decreased from the Kirthar mountains, which have reduced the supply of fresh water to the lake. Saline water is also flowing into the lake from the agricultural land in its surroundings. Its water is becoming saline, killing off fish and discouraging migrating birds. The number migrating birds is dropping down each year due to wide reduction in fish. Like it decreased to 2,800 in 2002 as compared to 25,000 in 1988. This lake has been providing large amount of water for irrigation which is also getting effected.

However, 700 cusecs water was flowed into the lake from River Indus in August 2009. The authorities are taking notice of the situation and with time this lake will get its number of inhabitants back.

Manchar lake is populated by the Mohana’s houseboat people now a days.

Lakes of Sindh

by on October 11, 2009
in Travel Pakistan

Manchar Lake of Sindh, Pakistan

The province of Sindh in Pakistan has some fabulous lakes which attract thousands of migratory birds during winter season.

Keenjhar Lake

Near the city of Thatta in the province of Sindh, Pakistan lies the beautiful Keenjhar Lake also called the Karli Lake. Keenjhar Lake is an artificial lake formed by combining two natural lakes Sonehri Lake and Keenjhar Lake. It supplies water to Karachi city. It is a beautiful place and is the home to countless migratory birds. Situated at a 2 hour drive from Karachi, Keenjhar Lake is a popular tourist spot. It has been well developed and has cottages and cabanas where families can stay overnight. Fishing and boating are some of the activities offered.

Keenjhar Lake also has literary importance. The folk tale of Noori Jam Tamachi revolves around Keenjhar Lake and is mentioned in the poems of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai and Sheikh Ayaz the famous poets of Sindh.

Manchar Lake

Manchar Lake the largest fresh water lake in Pakistan is also one of the largest lakes of Asia. It is situated in the Dadu district of Sindh and is quite shallow only around 10 km deep. It was made when Sukkur barrage was constructed over the River Indus. Years ago the Manchar Lake was known for its flora and fauna. It teemed with fish and ducks and the migratory birds from Siberia, sought refuge here from the biting cold back home. The natives of Manchar Lake the Mohanas, a fisher men tribe residing in boats also lived by the banks of the lake. Manchar Lake was a popular tourist spot.

Sadly the greed and recklessness of humans has completely changed the scenario. Chemical effluents and other pollutants have been dumped into the lake which has poisoned the water. This has wiped out the flora and aquatic life to a large extent. Even the number of migratory birds has declined and those who do come here fly away after an overnight stay. The worst affected are the Mohanas, with very little fish available, they find survival extremely difficult.

All is not lost as people and the government, are trying to save this lake. The pace of work is rather slow and one can only hope that something is done before it is too late.

Haleji Lake

Situated 88km away from Karachi in the Thatta district of Sindh Pakistan is the wonderful Haleji Lake. Haleji Lake provides shelter to around 223 species of migratory birds and thus is the largest bird sanctuary in Asia.

In addition to being a bird watcher’s paradise, Haleji Lake also supplies water to the city of Karachi. It has been declared a protected area by the government of Sindh and is a Ramsar International Site too.

Hudero Lake

Hudero Lake is located 85 km from Karachi in the Thatta district Sindh Pakistan. It is a marshy area of salt water where a large variety of water birds seek refuge.

Hudero Lake has also been declared a wild life sanctuary to protect the natural habitat of these birds.

Drigh Lake

This slightly saltish water body exists in the cultivated area of Indus floodplains some 18 km west of Larkana city in the province Sindh, Pakistan.


The nearby canal system and occasional rains supply water to it. It is also a wildlife sanctuary to scores of resident and migratory birds.

Provinces of Pakistan – Sindh

by on October 7, 2009
in Provinces

Pakistani province Sindh's map

Sindh is an important province of Pakistan. Its significance can be judged from the fact that Sindh is known as Bab ul Islam (Gateway of Islam) as the Arab conqueror Mohammad Bin Qasim entered the Sub Continent through the shores of Sindh. Although devoid of any classically beautiful physical features, Sindh has its own charm. The upper Sindh has rich fertile soil and is covered with green fields. It is rich in mineral resources and deposits of coal, natural gas and crude oil are found here.

Some part of the great Thar Desert lies in the eastern Sindh. Thar has a beauty of its own. There are many lakes in Sindh with Manchar Lake, Karli Lake, Haleji Lake and Keenjhar Lake being most important. Manchar Lake has the distinction of being the largest fresh water lake in the Pakistan while Haleji Lake is the largest water fowl sanctuary of Asia.

Sindh can also boast of a rich history. The ruins of Moen Jo Daro dating back to 2600 BC and one of the earliest settlements are found here. Other historical buildings include the Pucca Qila, Rani Kot fort, Graveyards of Makli and Chaukhandi and the Shah Jehan Mosque.

Sindh is also famous for its handicrafts. The most famous being the Ralli (also called Rilli) quilts. Ralli is a hand made specimen of human intelligence, creativity and hard work. Multi coloured pieces of cloths are stitched together in different patterns to produce a ralli. It is an essential part of a girl’s dowry and she starts weaving it from an early age assisted by her mother. Ralli is much more than a quilt/ bed linen, it is a young girl’s dreams and hopes and her mother’s prayers for a happy future.

Ajrak a block printed cotton shawl is the trademark of Sindh. It is made from vegetable dyes with maroon as the predominant color. Ajrak is held in high esteem all over Sindh. Usually guests are presented with ajraks to show respect.

Skull caps, jackets, cushion covers, tunics, table mats all embroidered with delicate mirror work are also made in Sindh. Ethnic silver jewelry is another item very much in demand.

Sindhi people are intelligent, sensitive and liberal minded. Sindh has given many seasoned politicians to Pakistan.