Trekking is an activity that comprises of travelling along wide distances on foot. It is especially done on places where travelling by car or any other means is not possible or difficult to do. There are many geographical areas that are regarded as trekking sites or treks all around the world because of being of interest to travelers. Similarly, Pakistan is proud to offer travelling opportunities to people all over the world to walk on the famous trekking sites here. The particular areas reserved for trekking in Pakistan are located in Himalayas, Karakoram and Hindukush and are fascinating places to look at. Pakistanis and foreigners both can enjoy trekking in the Northern Areas of Pakistan to get in touch with natural beauty at its peak. Another feature of the trekking sites at these areas is the lack of pollution and virgin beauty of the enormous mountains and lakes flowing side-by. It is difficult to list down all the famous trekking sites of Pakistan due to the abundance to treks in Pakistan. However, an attempt has been done to selectively present a list containing top ten treks of Pakistan based on their popularity which is given below:
1) Trek of K-2 Base Camp
2) Trek of Biafo-Hisper Glaciers
3) Treks of Nanga Parbat
4) Trek of Batura Glacier
5) Trek of Chillinji Pass
6) Trek of Spantik Base Camp
7) Trek of Charakusa Glacier
8) Trek of Masherbrum Base Camp
9) Trek of Shimshal Valley
10) Trek of Thalle La
The major geological feature of the Balochistan Province in Pakistan and Zabul Province of Afghanistan is the Sulaiman Range. They are located at the west of River Indus and East of Lut Desert and are the boundary between the Indian subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau. On the north of Sulaiman range are the highlands of Hindu Kush, where 50% of the lands are above 6,500 feet. This mountain range extends about 250 miles (400 kilometers) in central Pakistan generally going parallel to the River Indus.The average elevation of this range is 1,520 meters i.e. about 5000 feet.
On the northern end of Sulaiman range are its prominent twin peaks Kaisargarh and Takht-e-Sulaiman which are its highest points. The latter is also known as the ‘Throne of Solomon’ because of its shape. The Sulaiman mountains and the high plateau creates a wall against the humid winds blowing from the Indian Ocean thus effect the climate especially of Afghanistan.
|Fact sheet of Sulaiman Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Sulaiman Range||Height of Sulaiman Range Peaks (m)||Location of Sulaiman Range Peaks|
|1||Looi Sar Naikan||3,578||Koh-i-Zarghoon, Quetta|
|2||Takht-i-Sulaiman||3,487||East of Quetta|
|3||Kaisargarh||3,441||East of Quetta|
|4||Loai Saar||3,472||Koh-i-Takatu, Quetta|
This mountain range is located in Sindh. It extends about 190 miles southward from River Mula in Central Baluchistan to Muari on the Arabian Sea, west of Karachi.
This range forms a boundary between the southern Baluchistan on the West and the Lower Indus Plain on the East. There are several rock hills having heights around 4,000a ft in the south to 8,000 ft north. There is a huge Kirthar National Park being the largest reserve of wildlife in Sindh.
The highest elevation of this range was discovered very recently by Shaddan Shah i.e. on April 2009. He named it Koh-e-Benazir to honour the late Benazir Bhutto. Before this the highest was Kutte-ji-Kabar (Tomb of a Dog), which now is the second highest. Kirthar range has several peaks above 5,500 feet and get snowfall in the winters only occasionally. There is a famous Gorakh hill station 93 kilometers north of Dadu city.
Kirthar consists of regular anticlinal type mountains with steep arches on its north and west and gentle deep ones towards its south and the Indus valley. The inhabitants are Sindhi and Balochi tribal people mainly involved in flock grazing.
|Fact sheet of Kirthar Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Kirthar Range||Height of Kirthar Range Peaks (m)||Location of Kirthar Range Peaks|
|1||Koh-e-Benazir||2,151||North west of Gorakh hill|
|2||Kutte-ji-Kabar||2,097||Northern side of Kirthar|
|3||Gorakh hill||1,734||North west of Dadu|
This mountain range separates the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan Plateau. The countries which share this massive range of mountains include – Pakistan, India, Nepal, Afghanistan, China and Burma. Generally, it is also known as a name of a huge mountain system including the Karakoram Range, Hindu Kush and few other lesser ranges.
Some of the world’s major rivers like Ganges and Brahmaputra flow from this range. The western rivers combine together to form River Indus which flows southwest through India to Pakistan and then into the Arabian Sea. The climate, rainfall, soil conditions, and altitude of this range are quite diversified, generating a vast variety of plants and animal communities.
The world’s second longest glacier called ‘Siachen’ which lies at the India-Pakistan border is part of this great mountain range. There are several lakes in the Himalaya range of Pakistan. It also has a profound effect on the climate of the country.
There are many notable peaks of Himalayas in Pakistan but Nanga Parbat is the most important one being the 9th highest in the world and 2nd highest in the country.
|Fact sheet of Himalaya Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Himalayas||Height of Himalayas (m)||Location of Himalaya Peaks|
|3||Rakhiot Peak||7,070||Nanga Parbat group|
|4||Chongra Peak||6,830||Nanga Parbat|
|5||Ganalo Peak||6,606||Nanga Parbat|
|6||Laila Peak||5,971||Rupal Valley|
|8||Buldar Peak||5,602||Nanga Parbat|
|9||Malika Parbat||5,290||Kaghan Valley|
|10||Jalipur Peak South||5,215||Nanga Parbat|
|13||Jabardar||4,511||Fairy Meadows, Jalipur|
|17||Makra Peak||3,586||Kaghan Valley|