The major geological feature of the Balochistan Province in Pakistan and Zabul Province of Afghanistan is the Sulaiman Range. They are located at the west of River Indus and East of Lut Desert and are the boundary between the Indian subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau. On the north of Sulaiman range are the highlands of Hindu Kush, where 50% of the lands are above 6,500 feet. This mountain range extends about 250 miles (400 kilometers) in central Pakistan generally going parallel to the River Indus.The average elevation of this range is 1,520 meters i.e. about 5000 feet.
On the northern end of Sulaiman range are its prominent twin peaks Kaisargarh and Takht-e-Sulaiman which are its highest points. The latter is also known as the ‘Throne of Solomon’ because of its shape. The Sulaiman mountains and the high plateau creates a wall against the humid winds blowing from the Indian Ocean thus effect the climate especially of Afghanistan.
|Fact sheet of Sulaiman Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Sulaiman Range||Height of Sulaiman Range Peaks (m)||Location of Sulaiman Range Peaks|
|1||Looi Sar Naikan||3,578||Koh-i-Zarghoon, Quetta|
|2||Takht-i-Sulaiman||3,487||East of Quetta|
|3||Kaisargarh||3,441||East of Quetta|
|4||Loai Saar||3,472||Koh-i-Takatu, Quetta|
This mountain range is a semi desert coastal strip located in the south of Sindh. This is the coastal area of the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea. The countries sharing this range are Iran and Pakistan. The 1,000km narrow coastal plain rises rapidly to form many mountain ranges, of which 750 km are in Pakistan’s territory. Although there are many other mountain ranges in Pakistan which are known for their beauty being green ranges, Makran coast boast of its own beauty. Makran coastal range has its unique attraction which is different from the greener mountain ranges but equally attractive nonetheless for the visitors.
There is an island on the coastal area of this range called Astola Island, its near Pasni city. This city is 300km from the Makran coastal area. Miani Hor and Kalamat are the main lagoons and Gawader Bay and Gawader west are the main bays of the coast.
Makran became a district within the Balochistan Province on the independence of Pakistan leaving around 800 square kilometers around the Gawader, which got transferred to Pakistan in 1958. Over the years entire area has been subdivided into smaller districts.
In 1960 an American archeologist surveyed Sokhta koh ( Burnt Hill) along the Makran coast.
This mountain range is located in Sindh. It extends about 190 miles southward from River Mula in Central Baluchistan to Muari on the Arabian Sea, west of Karachi.
This range forms a boundary between the southern Baluchistan on the West and the Lower Indus Plain on the East. There are several rock hills having heights around 4,000a ft in the south to 8,000 ft north. There is a huge Kirthar National Park being the largest reserve of wildlife in Sindh.
The highest elevation of this range was discovered very recently by Shaddan Shah i.e. on April 2009. He named it Koh-e-Benazir to honour the late Benazir Bhutto. Before this the highest was Kutte-ji-Kabar (Tomb of a Dog), which now is the second highest. Kirthar range has several peaks above 5,500 feet and get snowfall in the winters only occasionally. There is a famous Gorakh hill station 93 kilometers north of Dadu city.
Kirthar consists of regular anticlinal type mountains with steep arches on its north and west and gentle deep ones towards its south and the Indus valley. The inhabitants are Sindhi and Balochi tribal people mainly involved in flock grazing.
|Fact sheet of Kirthar Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Kirthar Range||Height of Kirthar Range Peaks (m)||Location of Kirthar Range Peaks|
|1||Koh-e-Benazir||2,151||North west of Gorakh hill|
|2||Kutte-ji-Kabar||2,097||Northern side of Kirthar|
|3||Gorakh hill||1,734||North west of Dadu|
This range is about 800 kilometers long and is located in Eastern Pakistan in the Punjab and Sindh provinces and Western India. The word Aravalli means ‘line of Peaks’ and the locals call it Mewat hills. The highest peak lies in the southwestern end of the range. Udaipur city is on its south in Rajasthan, with many lakes. Many rivers rise from this range like Luni, Sakhi ans Banas rivers. This range is a very beautiful mountain range located in Pakistan.
The range is the eorded stub of old folded mountains and joins two ancient segments making the Indian Craton. These ancient mountain folds have stopped growing in height because of the upward thrust due to cease in tectonic plates movement in the crust of the earth under them. Million years of weathering have reduced their heights which is totally opposite to Himalaya mountains which are rising with time.
This range is blessed with mineral resource and has witnessed many years of illegal mining which caused an environemental concern and the government banned in May 2009.
|Fact sheet of Aravalli Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Aravalli Range||Height of Aravalli Range Peaks (m)||Location of Aravalli Range Peaks|
|1||Guru Shikhar||1,722||Mount Abu|
This is a range of mountains in Punjab and as the name tells is rich in rock salt. It extends from River Jhelum to River Indus across the northern side of Punjab. The range has great mines of Kewra, Kalabagh, Mayo and Warcha yielding huge supplies of salt and medium quality coal as well.
There are two famous sites namely Kutte Mar and Tulaja Fort. The area of Kutte Mar has a history of being a centre of Buddhism and has extensive remains related to archeological importance. There are no drains in the area and the leakages for the range have created several lakes with salty water. There are two important lakes in the area which are Uchhali and khabikki lake. The highest peaks of this range are Sakaser and Tilla Jogian. Sakaser is located in Pothohar from where the Soan Sakaser valley starts. It is in the Khushab district. The valley is about 47 miles in length and 12 miles in width.The Tulaja fort is on a huge rock overlooking the Plains of Punjab and the shrine of Kacchianwalla.
|Fact sheet of Salt Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Salt Range||Height of Salt Range Peaks (m)||Location of Salt Range Peaks|
|2||Tilli Jogia||975||95 km west of Jehlum city|