Rivers of Pakistan – River Ravi

by on February 3, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Famous River Ravi of Pakistan

It was called Iravati or Parushani by Indians in Vedic times. It flows from west to southwest in Punjab Province of Pakistan near Bahawalpur for about 475 miles then joins the River Chenab

It is an integral part of the Indus River system as it forms the heads waters of the Indus basin. The river drains into the Indian Ocean through the River Indus. It rises in the Rohtang Pass in Himachal Pradesh, India. This is the smallest of the five rivers in Punjab Province. It originates in the Mid Himalayas from the glaciers and follows north wertern path. It is mostly fed by snow melt.

Origin of River Ravi Mouth of River Ravi Basin of River Ravi Length of River Ravi River System Tributaries of River Ravi Elevationof River Ravi
Chamba District of India River Chenab (Indo Pak Border) Pakistan and India 901 kilometers Indus River System Sutlej and Bias on the left, Chenab and Indus on the right 14,000 feet

River Ujh is on eof the tributary of River Ravi whose source is in Kailash mountains at an elevation of about 4,300 meters near Jammu district. It joins Ravi at Nainkot in Pakistan.

The main river flows past the Chamba town which is located at an elevation of 856 m. There used to be a long wooden bridge to cross the River Ravi. It flows along the border between India and Pakistan for about 80 kilometers or 50 miles before entering Pakistan and then joins with the River Chenab. . It skirts the historic city of Lahore below Amritsar In India so it is also called ‘The River of Lahore’. The famous tomb of Jehangir and the tomb of Noor Jahan is located on its west bank in the town of Shahdara in Lahore. It once skirted the Multan city and once flew near Lahore Fort. After passing form Lahore it turns at Kamlia joining River Chenab in the south of the town named Ahmadpur Sial.

Mosques of Pakistan-Shah Jehan Mosque Thatta

by on January 12, 2011
in Exploring Amazing Pakistan

Thatta Shah Mahan Mosque

The Shah Jehan Mosque was built in the 17th century (1647 to be precise) on the orders of Moghul Emperor Shah Jehan. It is said that the city of Thatta welcomed Shah Jehan with open arms after he was exiled from Delhi by his father Emperor Jahangir. To express his gratitude, Shah Jehan ordered a mosque to be built in this city.

Shah Jehani Mosque is beautiful, unique and quite unlike other Moghul mosques. First of all marble; the favorite building material of the Moghuls has not been used in the construction, secondly there are no minarets in the mosque and thirdly instead of the typical three dome structure, the Shah Jehani Mosque features a single dome. Other Moghul mosques usually have an ablution tank right in the centre of a large courtyard but in case of the Shah Jehani Mosque, the tank lies in the eastern side.

The Shah Jehani Mosque is a prime example of clever engineering. It has 93 domes and 33 arches and together they constitute the amazing acoustics; anything uttered in one end of this large mosque is echoed on the other side. The building is made of Redstone and the domes and arches are decorated with blue tiles. Different shapes and sizes of tiles are joined together to form decorative panels. Blue color is extensively used along with yellow, white and purple.

The Shah Jehani Mosque is known for its unique architecture and beautiful tile work.

Mosque of Pakistan – Jamia Masjid Wah

by on January 12, 2011
in Exploring Amazing Pakistan

Jamia Masjid Wah Cantt Pakistan

Wah Cant is a beautiful town located west to the federal capital Islamabad. It is an extremely beautiful place with tall trees, lush green meadows, hills and waterfalls. It is claimed that the place got its name because the Moghul Emperor Akbar was so impressed by the beauty of this place that he exclaimed “Wah”; Wah means “wow”. Located in one of the cities in Pakistan with highest literacy rate, this masjid or mosque is a frequently visited place. It attracts attention due to the fact that it is a beautiful piece of architecture.

The Moghuls had built a beautiful garden here as well as a mosque. The mosque is said to be built in the 17th century. Like other buildings of the Moghul era, this mosque is an outstanding specimen of grandeur and beauty. The mosque has three domes and four minarets. Inside the entire mosque is decorated with in colorful geometric and floral patterns. The exterior of the mosque has inscriptions from the Quran. The inscriptions and patterns speak eloquently of the skill of the artists and the fine taste of the Moghuls.

The locals especially the influential Khan family of Wah has contributed a lot in the restoration and preservation of the mosque.

Mosque of Pakistan – Jamia Masjid Qassaban

Masjid_Qasaban_Hazro_Retla_Mandhi_01

The Qassaban Mosque was constructed in the late 18th century in Saddar, Karachi. At that time too Karachi showed signs of being a cosmopolitan city. Followers of different religions lived peacefully and Temples, Cathedrals, Synagogues, Parsi Dar-e-Meher and Mosques formed the architecture of the place.  Saddar area was mainly inhabited by non-Muslims but when the Muslim community grew, the Jamia Masjid Qassaban was constructed. As the name Qassaban suggests, the Muslims living there were mainly butchers. Along with many other mosques in Pakistan this one is considered as the best in reflecting the local architecture.

The architecture of the mosque is heavily inspired by Italian Renaissance and the small dome which looks more like a cupola was the only sign that it was a Muslim place of worship. Minarets were added to the structure later. People are aware of the historic importance of the mosque and are doing their utmost to preserve what is left of the original structure. The exterior of the mosque has retained most of the original work while the interior has undergone many changes.

Jamia Masjid Qassaban is not a masterpiece of architecture, it is a beautiful building which reminds you of the good old times when Karachi was a peaceful city.

Mosques of Pakistan-The Wazir Khan Mosque

Wazir Khan Mosque, Lahore

The Wazir Khan Mosque is a masterpiece of Moghul architecture. It was built over a period of seven years during the reign of Shah Jehan by the governor of Lahore Shaikh Ilum uddin Ansari commonly known as Wazir Khan. The mosque is known for its outstanding tile work and for its beauty and magnificence is referred to as the “Mole on the Cheek of Lahore”.

This square shaped mosque is situated in the old part of the city of Lahore. The exterior as well as the interior of the mosque is extensively covered with colorful mosaic with intricate patterns. Square tiles have not been used but each piece as been molded to fit the desired shape. Inscriptions from the Quran can also be seen throughout the mosque. The minarets at the corner of the mosque are 100 feet high and seem to stretch out towards the sky.

There is a marble fountain in the middle of a large courtyard. On the northern, eastern and southern sides of the courtyard are 32 hujras (meditation rooms).

Masjid Wazir Khan is a fine blend of the Islamic and Moghul architecture. To truly appreciate its beauty, one has to see it as words often fail to do justice.

Mosque of Pakistan-The Badshahi Mosque

by on December 18, 2010
in Exploring Amazing Pakistan

Badshahi Mosque at Lahore

The Badshahi Masjid (The Royal Mosque) was built on the orders of Aurangzeb Alamgir the Moghul Emperor. Though the passage of four centuries has left its mark on this grand structure; it has withstood the test of time gracefully. It has borne the abuse during the Sikh regime patiently and has tolerated the British maltreatment with dignity.

This mosque remained the largest mosque of the world for more than three centuries. It still remains the largest piece of Moghul architecture and was completed in only two and a half years. Its outdoor courtyard measures 161.5 x 160.6 meters and still is the largest courtyard of any mosque in the world; structure wise, the mosque itself stands fifth in world ranking.

Redstone and marble have been used in the construction of this mosque. The Redstone used was especially brought from Jaipur, Rajhastan (India). Variegated marble was used in the construction of steps and floor. The interior of the mosque is adorned with tiles and beautiful frescoes. The grandeur and elegance of the mosque simply mesmerizes the viewer.

Badshahi Mosque also features a museum where relics belonging to the Holy Prophet (PBUH), his son-in-law Hazrat Ali and his daughter Bibi Fatima are displayed.

The Badshahi mosque stands proudly symbolizing the lost glory of its era and is one of the major tourist attractions of Lahore.

Mosque of Pakistan-Moti Masjid

Moti Masjid in Lahore, Pakistan

Moti Masjid was constructed in the 17th century during the reign of Shah Jehan as a part of the extension of the Lahore Fort. This grand structure was made of white marble brought especially from Makrana and though simply designed, it was purity and magnificence personified. Everything from the ceiling to the floor, columns to the arches is made of white marble. For the acoustics, shallow double domes were built.

It is a rather small mosque and most probably served as a place of worship of the royal harem. When the Sikhs took over the control of Punjab, the Moti Masjid was turned into Moti Mandir (temple); later when the British became masters; this beautiful building at first served as a treasury office but was later restored to its former position that is a mosque.

Moti Masjid is a fine example of the Moghul architecture. Moti Masjid is an extremely beautiful piece of art crafted by the craftsmen with a great vision and love. This place is thus not only a masjid, but also a place which people from within Pakistan and outside Pakistan visit to see the beauty of it. Moghuls were very keen when it came to art. Moti Masjid is an example of the same.