NWFP (now KPK- Khyber PakhtoonKhwah) experiences severe cold weather. The heavy snowfall makes farming impossible. In some places people migrate to warmer places as well. As most of the area is mountainous, “terrace farming” is practiced here. In terrace farming, steps are cut out in to steep hills and the edge of the slope is bordered with stone walls called “bunds”. The bunds check water and soil from flowing away.
As agricultural resources are scarce, there is not much agricultural production in KPK.
Fruits mostly dry fruits are grown here. A variety of apples is grown here. Besides apples, apricots and dry fruits like almonds, walnuts and pine nuts are also grown here in abundance. Potato breeding also takes place in the NWFP (KPK). Research is being done on varieties of potatoes.
Among crops small variety of wheat, maize and oilseeds are grown here. Sugarcane and tobacco are grown on a larger scale. Tobacco and sugar cane are the chief cash crops also responsible for the industrialization of the area.
Main areas on which crops are grown are Mansehra, Peshawar, Mardan, Swabi etc.NWFP (KPK) contributes a lot in the production of fruits in Pakistan. A lot of fruits consumed in Pakistan and exported to other countries is grown in KPK.
NWFP (KPK-Khyber Pakhtoonkhwah) is nicknamed “the Switzerland of Pakistan” because of its spellbinding beauty. It is a land of mountains covered with Alpine and coniferous forests, sparkling streams, dancing water falls and glaciers. It is guarded by the three mighty mountains the Hindu Kush, Karakoram and the Himalayas. Relics of the Gandhara –Buddhist era are scattered all over the northern areas. So if you are a nature’s freak or interested in mountain climbing, hiking and trekking then do visit the northern areas of Pakistan.
Punjab is famous for its hospitality and historical places. A number of buildings from the Mughal era are found in the plains of Punjab. Punjab is a land of lush green fields. It is also the land of five rivers. The tributaries of the River Indus snake through Punjab.
Sindh has a rich history. The remains of the world’s oldest civilization are found at Moen Jo Daro. Other historical sites include Rani Not Fort, Pucca Qila, Makli Hills Tomb, Chaukhandi Tombs and Shah Jehan Mosque. There are some shrines as well which are thronged by thousands of devotees whole year round. The Karlri Lake, Keenjhar Lake and the Kirthar Natural Park are some places worth seeing.
Karachi the capital of Sindh is a coastal city and a valid reason to visit Sindh. Karachi is the most modern and biggest city of Pakistan. It has a number of buildings from the colonial era. Karachi is famous for its shopping centers and beaches.
Baluchistan is mostly dry but there are some interesting places which allure the tourists. The juniper forests, Hanna Lake, Ziarat, Quetta and Chaman are some places of interest in Baluchistan. There are many beaches in Baluchistan such as Gadani, Somiani etc. The coastal city of Gawadar is being developed with all modern amenities for the future.