It is an important stream in the Pothohar region in Pakistan and it drains most of its water. It originates from a small village Bun near the lower hills of Patriata and Murree. It also provides water to the Simly Dam which is a main reservoir of Islamabad city.
The river cuts through a mountain range near the Pharwala fort which is called Soan which is a natural phenomenon. It is not possible for a stream to cut through a high mountain which proves that River Soan was there before the formation of this mountain range. It continued its path by cutting throught the mountains through millions of years.
Near Sihala Islamabad highway crosses the stream at the famous Cock Pull Bridge. Lai stream joins it near Soan Camp and then it flows through a big curve and reach Kalabagh and drops into the River Indus. The stream is relatively small in size i.e. 250 kilometers. It is hardly used for irrigation purposes because of its tortuous path and shallow bed. Many species of fish are present in River Soan with Rahu and Kingfisher being the main fish. The river forms the northern border of District Bannu also. The Soan Culture is one of the oldest evidence of human civilizations which is about 100,000 – 150,000 years old and it was found in the River Soan.
This is a range of mountains in Punjab and as the name tells is rich in rock salt. It extends from River Jhelum to River Indus across the northern side of Punjab. The range has great mines of Kewra, Kalabagh, Mayo and Warcha yielding huge supplies of salt and medium quality coal as well.
There are two famous sites namely Kutte Mar and Tulaja Fort. The area of Kutte Mar has a history of being a centre of Buddhism and has extensive remains related to archeological importance. There are no drains in the area and the leakages for the range have created several lakes with salty water. There are two important lakes in the area which are Uchhali and khabikki lake. The highest peaks of this range are Sakaser and Tilla Jogian. Sakaser is located in Pothohar from where the Soan Sakaser valley starts. It is in the Khushab district. The valley is about 47 miles in length and 12 miles in width.The Tulaja fort is on a huge rock overlooking the Plains of Punjab and the shrine of Kacchianwalla.
|Fact sheet of Salt Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Salt Range||Height of Salt Range Peaks (m)||Location of Salt Range Peaks|
|2||Tilli Jogia||975||95 km west of Jehlum city|
Rawat Fort is located on the Potohar Plateau at a distance of 17 km from the city of Rawalpindi. It is believed to be built by the Gakhars; a tribe known for its bravery in the 16th century. A battle between the Afghan warrior Sher Shah Suri and the chief of the Gakhar clan Sultan Sarang Khan was fought at the fort. Sultan Sarang died fighting and is buried here along with his sons. It is a very beautiful fort which carries historic value thus attracts a lot of visitors.
The square shaped fort has two gates with the main gate opening eastwards and a smaller second gate facing north. The fort consists of a three domed mosque, an octagonal building with a single dome; some say this structure is actually a mausoleum. There are many small identical rooms along the inner side of the four walls overlooking a courtyard. Some graves can also be seen inside the fort. If you go up the dilapidated stairs, you will get a magnificent view of the Potohar Plateau and the Mankiala Stupa.
The fort which was once a symbol of pride now stands in shambles mainly due to the negligence of the government and the irresponsible insensitive attitude of the people.