Hanif Mohammed is a respected name and an essential part of Pakistan cricket. Hanif Mohammed made his test career debut at the age of 17.
Initially Hanif Mohammed was coached by Abdul Aziz, a wicket keeper who played for All India team. Abdul Aziz guided Hanif and taught him to adjust to all sorts of batting conditions. His training came handy when Hanif was selected to play against England when the English team visited Pakistan. Hanif’s contribution with the bat in the second match at Karachi and agility behind the wickets were instrumental in getting test status for Pakistan.
To improve the performance of cricketers, some cricketers from Pakistan were sent to England to Alf Glover’s cricket school with Hanif being one of them. Glover satisfied with Hanif’s technique suggested that no changes should be made to it.
Hanif Mohammed stands out in the history of cricket with his famous score of 378 runs against West Indies which took more than sixteen hours. He not only set a world record of the longest innings of that time but also saved Pakistan from defeat. Hanif’s triple century remains the only triple century in 2nd innings so far.
Hanif Mohammed also has the honor of exceeding Don Bradman’s record of the highest individual score. Hanif Mohammed made 499 runs and was run out when attempting the 500th run. His batting feats earned him the nickname of “Little Master”.
Hanif Mohammed also kept wickets when required and had the ability to bowl with either arm. Hanif Mohammed played a total of 55 test matches with an average of 43.98 runs and scored 12 centuries.
Hanif Mohammed was named the Wisden Cricketer of the year 1959, he was also awarded the President’s Pride of Performance in 1968. Hanif Mohammed’s name has been inducted in the ICC Hall of Fame.
Nishan-e-Haider is the highest military award of Pakistan awarded to those military men who have shown exceptional acts of bravery during a battle or when the integrity of the country was in jeopardy. It is conferred posthumously and so far only 10 brave men have received it. Out of these ten; nine are from Pakistan Army and one is from the Air Force. Nishan-e-Haider is made from the gun metal surrendered by the enemy.
The first recipient of this highest military order was Captain Muhammad Sarwar Shaheed who laid down his life defending the country in the Kashmir war of 1948.
Major Muhammad Tufail Shaheed was also awarded the Nishan-e-Haider for his heroism though not in a battlefield. He attacked an illegally setup post at night along with his men; though fatally wounded; he continued to command his men and succeeded in driving out the enemy.
Aziz Bhatti was another brave major of the Pakistan Army who embraced martyrdom during the 1965 war while resisting every move of the enemy. He was awarded Nishan-e-Haider for his exceptional valor.
Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed received Nishan-e-Haider for his courage and bravery during the 1971 war with India. He bravely commanded his men till his death.
Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas is the only recipient of Nishan-e-Haider who belongs to the Air Force. During a test flight, his plane was hijacked by his Bengali instructor. Rashid Minhas on realizing his intentions informed the control tower and interfered with the control of the planes causing it to crash.
Major Shabbir Sharif Shaheed was one of the bravest majors of the Pakistan Army. His acts of valor and military acumen earned him the highest military award even the enemy acknowledged his bravery calling him “a fine soldier”.
Sawar Muhammad Hussain Shaheed was a jawan (foot soldier) in the Pakistan Army who was awarded Nishan-e-Haider for his extraordinary acts of bravery during the 1971 war. He destroyed sixteen enemy tanks before coming under direct fire of enemy’s machine guns.
Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz Shaheed was another recipient who was awarded Nishan-e-Haider for his heroics in the battle of 1971 between India and Pakistan. He entered the enemy bunker and destroyed it.
Nishan-e-Haider was conferred on Captain Karnal Sher Khan Shaheed for his courageous deeds during the 1999 Kargil War. Even the Indian Army acknowledged his bravery and it is said that this award was given on the recommendation of the Indian Army.
Havaldar Lalak Jan Shaheed embraced martyrdom in the line of duty during the 1999 Kargil War. He requested the authorities to deploy him on the front position from where he bravely thwarted the enemy advances. He was the last recipient of this prestigious award.
Shaken by the separation of East Pakistan and letdown by its allies America and China; Pakistan then decided to stand on its own and build a nuclear bomb.
What started in 1972 under the Bhutto regime was finally accomplished on 28th May 1998 during the tenure of Nawaz Sharif. Pakistan announced its nuclear achievement by detonating five nuclear heads in Chaghi Hills Balochistan. It was a proud moment for a nation which unfortunately has a long history of unstable governments and is plagued by problems both internally and externally. This day will go down in the history of the country as the “rebirth of the nation”.
Pakistan’s feat was welcomed by the Moslem world. On the other hand our neighbor and the Western powers were furious and regarded this development as a threat to the region. These double standard nations had acquired nukes themselves ages ago as Pakistan is the seventh nation which has gone nuke. The fact that India is allowed to import nuclear fuel and technology while Pakistan is not, exposes not only the double standards of the West but also its open hostility. Like Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya, Pakistan could have become a target of the Western powers if it did not have nuclear weapons. The West and our neighbor in particular lament the fact that Pakistan no longer feels insecure and cannot be easily bullied.
Pakistan has time and again assured the world that it will not use its nuclear weapons unless provoked. Pakistan’s nuclear accomplishment has brought stability in the region.
Nobody can deny the contributions of lawyers in Pakistan. The founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah was a lawyer as was Allama Iqbal who gave the concept of Pakistan. Lawyers made many sacrifices to uphold the judiciary in the country. Some prominent lawyers of Pakistan are:
Aitzaz Ahsan is a Pakistani lawyer and a politician who also served as an MNA, MPA, Senator and a Federal Minister. He is a PPP loyalist and has been the front runner in supporting democracy during the martial law regimes. He was sent to prison several times but that did not discourage him. Aitzaz Ahsan was voted as one of the top ten public intellects in the world.
Fakhruddin.G. Ibrahim is a noted Pakistani lawyer who has held several important positions in Pakistani government. Retired as a Justice, Ibrahim set up the CPLC (Citizen Police Liaison Committee) in Karachi to help people who complained of the apathy and non-cooperative attitude of the police. With the help of the police department CPLC has solved many cases successfully.
Ghulam Farooq Awan is a famous Pakistani lawyer and is currently serving as an adviser to the Prime Minister for Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs.
Mirza Aziz Akbar Baig is a famous Pakistani lawyer of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. He is a close associate of Chief Justice Chaudary Iftikhar Ahmed and has played a big role in the lawyers’ movement which resisted the orders of Pervez Musharaf. It was due to his fiery leadership that Musharaf government was forced to release the detained Chief Justice and take back orders which deposed off many lawyers.
Rana Bhagwandas is the second non-muslim to hold the position of Chief Justice in Pakistan. He retired as a justice and is highly respected for his stand against the injustices committed on the underprivileged and the minorities. He took strong notice of the killings committed in the name of honor in rural areas.
Asma Jahangir is a lawyer by profession and woman of substance, a true warrior and a true advocate of the poor and the oppressed. She has relentlessly worked for the rights of minorities, women and children in Pakistan. Undaunted she has raised her voice against the atrocities committed on women, children and minorities and as a consequence has been attacked and manhandled by the police and people in power. Her services and her spirit have been acknowledged both locally and internationally and as long as people like her exist in Pakistan, there is hope that justice will prevail.
Ansar Burney is another human rights activist from Pakistan who has proved that the service of humans knows no boundaries. Throughout his thirty years of service as a human rights activist he has freed scores of people languishing in jails for no reason. He was the first one to raise his voice against child labor and bring the misery of the camel kids to limelight. Ansar Burney helps people irrespective of their religion, caste, creed and even nationality. Recently he arranged the safe release of the crew members of MV Suez from Somali pirates. The crew comprised of Indians, Egyptians, Pakistanis and a Sri Lankan.
Zia Ahmed Awan is a ray of hope for scores of women and children whose rights have been usurped by the custodians of the society. Child labor, child abuse and domestic violence are on the rise even in this day and age. Zia Ahmed Awan has set up LHRLA (Lawyers of Human Rights and Legal Aid) a non-government organization committed to help children who are sexually abused and women who suffer from domestic violence or any form of violence. People facing exploitation and harassment can also seek help. This organization helps people irrespective of their religion and status.
Dr. Nafis Sadik is the Pride of Pakistan. A graduate from Dow Medical College she did her internship in gynecology and obstetrics from America and after earning Fellowship from Canada she returned to Pakistan where she served as a civilian doctor in military hospitals. While working here she witnessed the plight of women and the burden of pregnancies on them. She then resolved to alleviate it by educating women in particular and masses in general about family planning. She has rendered her services in many parts of the world where death rates during child birth where high. In recognition to her services she has been conferred with many awards. She is also the first woman ever to hold the office of Executive Director of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) with the rank of Under-Secretary-General, from 1987 to 2000.
Dr. Rehana Mohammed Ali Shah has the distinction of being the first ever Pakistani female orthopedic surgeon. She graduated from Dow Medical College and got her FRCS degree from Scotland. To date she has performed over 5000 surgeries.
Dr Adeeb Rizvi is a Pakistani doctor and a philanthropist who has worked untiringly to help the suffering humanity. He set up SIUT (Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplant) the largest charitable organ transplant institute. Funded by the public this institute provides free treatment to the people suffering from renal problems from every nook and corner of the country.
A graduate from Dow Medical College, Dr. Sohail Ansari is an active member of the National Health Services and Consultant Physician in the U.K. He is the President of Pakistan Essex Doctors Association and has done a lot to help the doctors from Pakistan.
Mushtaq Mohammed is one of the five Mohammed brothers; four of whom have etched a prominent place for themselves in the history of cricket.
Born in 1943, Mushtaq Mohammed started playing first class cricket at the age of 13 years. He showed his potential as an all-rounder by scoring 87 runs and taking 5 wickets for just 28 runs on his debut. He was associated with the English county Northamptonshire from 1966-1977. Altogether Mushtaq has scored 31,091 runs most of them when playing for Northamptonshire. Mushtaq also captained the county which won its first ever trophy the Gillette Cup in 1976 and also bagged second position in county championship.
Mushtaq Mohammed made his test debut against West Indies in 1959 at Lahore. Although Mushtaq is said to be the youngest test player, there are doubts about the authenticity of this claim. Mushtaq scored his first test century against India in India. Mushtaq was also an accomplished wrist- spinner who got wickets at crucial moments with his googly, flipper and legbreak. Mushtaq Mohammed was also a part of the Kerry Packer’s World Series Cricket.
Due to ample opportunity he got when playing for Northamptonshire, Mushtaq became the first Pakistani to score 25,000 runs. Mushtaq is also a master of reverse sweep; a stroke he learnt from his elder brother the legendary Hanif Mohammed.
The year 1973 was particularly good for Mushtaq; he scored a century (121) against Australia and a month later a double century (201) against New Zealand. He scored 777 runs that year.
Mushtaq also led Pakistani team in 19 matches. Under his captaincy, the Pakistani team defeated West Indies in West Indies with Mushtaq contributing 121 and 56 with the bat and claiming 8 victims with the ball. Pakistan also won the home series against India in 1978-79.
Mushtaq also coached the Pakistan team which reached the finals of the 1999 World Cup.
Munnawar uz Zaman became a member of the Pakistan hockey team when he was only 19 years old. This youngster made his presence felt in his very first match with his crucial very first goal. Munnawar converted a penalty corner into a match winning goal against arch rivals India. Munnawar’s contribution in the 1971World Cup held in Spain helped Pakistan lift the world cup. His performance was instrumental in many other victories as well. With around a hundred international matches to his credit, Munnawar scored more than forty goals.
Hockey was originally played on grass and the two Asian giants India and Pakistan totally dominated the game but later astro turf was introduced which ended the Sub Continent’s monopoly. Hockey was now more of a power and speed game rather than skills. Pakistan team faced difficulties in adjusting to new conditions. Munnawar now retired from international hockey, coached the team and guided them to adjust to new conditions. Munnawar died during a practice session of the veteran’s hockey team when he suffered a heart attack in 1994.
Munnawar uz Zaman was posthumously awarded the Pride of Performance award by the government of Pakistan in 1997. He is one of the best hockey players from Pakistan Hockey.
Mohsin Hasan Khan is an ex-cricketer from Pakistan who used to open the innings for Pakistan in the late 70s till the mid 80s.
Mohsin Khan made his ODI debut against West Indies at Albion and his test debut against England in 1978 at Karachi. Mohsin Khan is one of the few batsmen who could adapt well to the bouncy Australian pitches. His centuries at Adelaide (149) and Melbourne (153) in the 1983-84 series are ample proof. Even in England he scored a double century at Lords in 1982. An interesting record associated with Mohsin Khan is that he scored 101 runs from the required 135 runs in the 2nd innings of a test match against India. This remains the lowest team score featuring a century to date.
Mohsin Khan was a stylish batsman who scored a total of 2709 runs in the 48 matches he played. In the One Day Internationals his total score is 1877 from 75 appearances. He retired from cricket in 1986.
Mohsin Khan was appointed the chief selector of PCB in 2009-10. Mohsin Khan left cricket to opt for a career in movies. He acted in a few movies in India and later worked in Pakistan. However, in last few years he has been associated with Pakistan Cricket Board in various capacities.