Chief Ministers of Provinces of Pakistan (2008-2013)

by on October 5, 2012
in Provinces

Chief minister of Pakistan

Chief Ministers perform the important duty of looking after the provinces. Their other duties include maintaining peace and harmony among the different communities living in the province and safeguarding the rights of the province. Currently there are five chief ministers in Pakistan; their brief introduction is as follows:

Syed Qaim Ali Shah: This seasoned politician is the chief minister of Sindh province of Pakistan. Born in 1935 in an influential family in Khairpur Sindh, Syed Qaim Ali Shah did his LLB from Karachi and started practicing law. He joined the Pakistan People’s Party in 1967 and is one of its earliest members. Qaim Ali Shah took oath as the 23rd chief minister of Sindh on 7th April 2008. This is his second term as a chief minister, previously he held this position during  Benazir Bhutto’s government.

Shahbaz Sharif: The chief minister of Punjab Shahbaz Sharif  belongs to PML-N group. He was born in 1950 in Lahore. He was sworn in as the Chief Minister in 2008 but  he was ousted from his office as he was declared ineligible to contest elections by the Supreme Court of Pakistan. However he obtained a stay order and returned to his office which he holds to date. This is Shahbaz Sharif’s second term as a Chief Minister; earlier he held this post from 1997-1999 when his brother Nawaz Sharif was the prime minister. He is an astute politician who has worked for the betterment of Punjab.

Ameer Haider Khan Hoti: Ameer Haider Khan the son of a former Federal Minister Azam Khan Hoti is the 21st chief minister of Khyber Pakhtun Khawa province of Pakistan. He belongs to an illustrious family of politicians and is a member of the Awami National Party (ANP).

Nawab Aslam Raisani: The tribal head of Raisani Tribe and a member of PPP, Nawab Aslam Raisani is the 13th chief minister of Balochistan. Being a veteran politician with a deep understanding of the tribal culture and traditions; Raisani has introduced modern methods of farming in Balochistan.

Syed Mehdi Shah: Syed Mehdi Shah a member of the ruling PPP is the first chief minister of Gilgit Baltistan. He was appointed by the former Prime Minister of Pakistan Syed Yusuf Raza Gillani.

Top Ten Different Languages Spoken in Pakistan

Native_languages_in_Pakistan

Pakistan has a rich culture and many languages are spoken here by a diversified group of people. Language is a mode of communication through which people living in this world communicate with each other. The ancient languages were consisted mostly of symbols and gestures. With the passage of time, letter and alphabets got developed which gave rise to a lot of languages. Now thousands of languages are being spoken in various parts of the world including Pakistan. There are two official languages in Pakistan namely Urdu and English with various four main regional languages. The four languages that are spoken in the four provinces of Pakistan are Punjabi, Pashtu, Sindhi and Balochi. However, there are other regional languages also that are spoken in various areas of Pakistan. These languages include Kashmiri, Saraiki, Hindko and some others. It is important to note that the majority of population in Pakistan speaks regional or provincial languages other than Urdu. A list of the top ten languages spoken in Pakistan is given below:

1)      Punjabi Language spoken mostly in the province of Punjab

2)      Pashto Language frequently spoken in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

3)      Sindhi Language predominantly spoken in Sindh province

4)      Seraiki Language mostly spoken in Punjab province

5)      Urdu Language frequently spoken all over Pakistan. Urdu is Pakistan’s national language.

6)      Balochi Language predominantly spoken in Balochistan province

7)      Hindko language spoken in hilly areas of Pakistan

8)      Kashmiri language spoken in Azad Kashmir and adjacent areas

9)      Brahui spoken in Southern suburbs of Pakistan

10)  Shina mostly spoken in Giglit-Baltistan

 

Provinces of Pakistan – Punjab

by on November 12, 2009
in Provinces

Province Punjab-Pakistan-Map

The province of Punjab in Pakistan is the backbone of the country. It is a land of high spirited people. Punjab has always been the seat of learning. The Buddhist University at Taxila is reputed to be the oldest university of the world. Punjab is dotted with ancient sites some dating back to thousands of years. The ruins of Indus Valley Civilization are found in Harappa. The Cholistan desert itself has some 300 historic sites. Multan one of the world’s oldest city is situated here. Punjab is also called the Bread Basket of Pakistan.

Punjab is the major agricultural contributor. It produces 68% of total crops grown in Pakistan. The rich alluvial soil together with abundant water supply provides favorable conditions for growing crops. The handicrafts of Punjab are exquisite and matchless and speak volumes of the people’s craftsmanship. Especially popular are the hand knotted carpets, embroidery, ceramics and glazed tiles. Sialkot the city of Punjab is a major supplier of sports goods and surgical instruments. Punjab has a fair share of monuments which are not only significant historically but are also a fine specimen of the architecture of that era. A large number of poets, intellects, sportsmen, artists, singers, actors have the honor of being associated with Punjab. Punjab is also the cultural capital of Pakistan. Nowhere in the world can you see so much diversity with harmony. Punjab is a place of colors and life.

Provinces of Pakistan – Sindh

by on October 7, 2009
in Provinces

Pakistani province Sindh's map

Sindh is an important province of Pakistan. Its significance can be judged from the fact that Sindh is known as Bab ul Islam (Gateway of Islam) as the Arab conqueror Mohammad Bin Qasim entered the Sub Continent through the shores of Sindh. Although devoid of any classically beautiful physical features, Sindh has its own charm. The upper Sindh has rich fertile soil and is covered with green fields. It is rich in mineral resources and deposits of coal, natural gas and crude oil are found here.

Some part of the great Thar Desert lies in the eastern Sindh. Thar has a beauty of its own. There are many lakes in Sindh with Manchar Lake, Karli Lake, Haleji Lake and Keenjhar Lake being most important. Manchar Lake has the distinction of being the largest fresh water lake in the Pakistan while Haleji Lake is the largest water fowl sanctuary of Asia.

Sindh can also boast of a rich history. The ruins of Moen Jo Daro dating back to 2600 BC and one of the earliest settlements are found here. Other historical buildings include the Pucca Qila, Rani Kot fort, Graveyards of Makli and Chaukhandi and the Shah Jehan Mosque.

Sindh is also famous for its handicrafts. The most famous being the Ralli (also called Rilli) quilts. Ralli is a hand made specimen of human intelligence, creativity and hard work. Multi coloured pieces of cloths are stitched together in different patterns to produce a ralli. It is an essential part of a girl’s dowry and she starts weaving it from an early age assisted by her mother. Ralli is much more than a quilt/ bed linen, it is a young girl’s dreams and hopes and her mother’s prayers for a happy future.

Ajrak a block printed cotton shawl is the trademark of Sindh. It is made from vegetable dyes with maroon as the predominant color. Ajrak is held in high esteem all over Sindh. Usually guests are presented with ajraks to show respect.

Skull caps, jackets, cushion covers, tunics, table mats all embroidered with delicate mirror work are also made in Sindh. Ethnic silver jewelry is another item very much in demand.

Sindhi people are intelligent, sensitive and liberal minded. Sindh has given many seasoned politicians to Pakistan.