Rivers of Pakistan – The Swat River

by on February 3, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Beautiful river of Pakistan-Swat river

This river is located in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. The historic name of this river is ‘Suvastu river’ written in Rig Veda. It has been known that the army of the great Alexander crossed this river before moving towards the southern areas which are now known as Odegram and Barikoot.

It originates from the Hindu Kush mountains and flows throught the District Swat and the Kalam Valley. It then skirts the District of Lower Dir and through the Malakand District it enters the River Kabul in the Peshawar valley at the Charsadda. Swat river contributes a lot to the fishing industry in the region and also irrigates a large area in the Swat district. The scenary is very beautiful all around the place and attracts a huge number of tourists especially in summer season. Ayub bridge is one of the most popular places to visit.

There are two hydro electric power projects build on the canals from the River Swat  generating electricity for the area. There are many archaeological sites in the Lower Swat valley. With its gushing white water and a very beautiful valley through which this river flows, it is included in the list of most beautiful rivers in Pakistan by most of the visitors.

Rivers of Pakistan -The Soan River

by on February 3, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Soan River of Pakistan

It is an important stream in the Pothohar region in Pakistan and it drains most of its water. It originates from a small village Bun near the lower hills of Patriata and Murree. It also provides water to the Simly Dam which is a main reservoir of Islamabad city.

The river cuts through a mountain range near the Pharwala fort which is called Soan which is a natural phenomenon. It is not possible for a stream to cut through a high mountain which proves that River Soan was there before the formation of this mountain range. It continued its path by cutting throught the mountains through millions of years.

Near Sihala Islamabad highway crosses the stream at the famous Cock Pull Bridge. Lai stream joins it near Soan Camp and then it flows through a big curve and reach Kalabagh and drops into the River Indus. The stream is relatively small in size i.e. 250 kilometers. It is hardly used for irrigation purposes because of its tortuous path and shallow bed. Many species of fish are present in River Soan with Rahu and Kingfisher being the main fish. The river forms the northern border of District Bannu also. The Soan Culture is one of the oldest evidence of human civilizations which is about 100,000 – 150,000 years old and it was found in the River Soan.

Rivers of Pakistan -The Kunhar River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

The Kunhar river of Pakistan

This is also called ‘Nain Sukh’ in Persian language, which means eye’s repose. It is about 166 kilometers long and is located in the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa of Pakistan. The river starts from the Lulusar lake, about 48 kilometers from the Naran Valley.

It is fed by the Lake Saiful Muluk and Lake Dudipat with the waters coming from the glaciers of Malika Parbat and other peaks in the valley. The river Kunhar flows through Jalkhad in the entire Kaghan valley, Naran valley, Garhi Habibullah, Balakot and then joins River Jehlum outside Muzaffarabad in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.

There are many species of fish present in this river but its trout is one of the best throughout the subcontinent. With a lot of confidence it can be said that among the rivers located in south Asian subcontinent, Kunhar river is among the most beautiful rivers. Although it has ample water flowing through it, this river is more beautiful than the others. It seems harmless and romantic unlike many other rivers of this size. Valley through which this river flows is green and very attractive resulting in a lot of tourist activity in the region. Kunhar river is popular with people for its white water rafting activity.

Rivers of Pakistan -The Gilgit River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Gilgit river of Pakistan

It is a tributary of the of River Indus flowing past the town of Gilgit in Pakistan. The river is located in the northern areas of Azad Kashmir and originates from the Shandur lake. Gilgit river is very beautiful. Driving up from Gilgit up to Shandur top, the river flows side by side. It is extremely picturesque. It can be very easily said that some of the most beautiful spots in Pakistan naturally suitable for photography are located near this river. River Gilgit eventually joins river Indus down the stream.

Shandur is a route from Gilgit to Chitral in the Hindu Kush range and is at a height of approximately 12,000 feet. Annual polo game is played in this area with the representation of the Gilgit and Chitral cities. Gilgit river is one of the most important rivers in the Northern areas of Pakistan. As that region is completely mountainous, there are many rivers which flow through those mountains and later fall into the mighty river indus. However, Gilgit river is more important due to the size of this river. Also, this river is located near the most developed and urbanized city of Gilgit baltistan region which adds to the importance of this river.

Rivers of Pakistan – Lyari River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Lyari river of Pakistan

There are only two rivers in Karachi; one is Malir river and the other one is River Lyari. It is a small stream flowing through Karachi from north east to the center and drops into the Arabian Sea at the Monora channel. The river is approximately 30 miles or 50 kilometers long and it carries collected water from the rains in the catchment area.

The river had fish and clean water with farming done on its bank until 1950. After the independence Karachi bacame the capital of Pakistan and a huge number of refugees came into the city. The river’s ecology started to transform and slowly and steadily it discharged sewage, waste water and industrial wastes.

Due to some occasional floods in the surroundings of the river and the havoc caused by heavy rains in 1977 flood barriers were build along River Lyari. An express was planned with a length of about 16.5 kilometers through the city along both sides of the river banks of Lyari many years back. The work started in 2002 and got completed in 2009. This river is not as beautiful as many other rivers in Pakistan. However, Lyari river has its own importance due to its location and due to which it is considered among one of the most important rivers in Pakistan.

Rivers of Pakistan – Hunza River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Hunza river of Pakistan

This is the main river of  Hunza which is one of the most beautiful location in the northern areas of Pakistan. It is originated through the joining of the Khunjerab and kilik gorges (nalas), which are basically fed by the glaciers from the mountains. It joins River Gilgit and River Naltar and finally falls into the River Indus.

It cuts through the Karakoram range of mountains from north to south. The great Karakoram highway crosses this river near Nagar and Hunza valleys. Hunza River can very easily be included in not only one of the most beautiful rivers in Pakistan but also in the world. The river flows along with Karakoram highway coming down from Khunjerab Top. While driving up to the famous top which acts as a border between Pakistan and China, this river flows along. At present due to the Ata Abad Lake formation, KKH has been interrupted and a part of this journey along river Hunza has to be taken by boat. Hunza river meets with Nagar River and other regional rivers on its course down to the south. It eventually adds up into the mighty Indus. Hunza river is very beautiful. Hunza is one of the most visited regions of Pakistan by the foreign tourists.

Rivers of Pakistan – The Neelum River

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

Neelum river of pakistan

This river is located in the Kashmir region of both Pakistan and India and is also called the River Kishanganga in India. The river originates from the Indian side and enters Pakistan’s territory in the Gurais sector  of the line of control running westwards meeting River Jehlum in the north of Muzzafarabad. It was given the name Neelum either because of its sky blue color or due to the precious gem neelum( ruby) which is present in the area.

The beautiful valley of Neelum located in the Azad Kashmir at the bank of the river has captivating views. This valley can be entered through two routes; one by the Neelum road from Muzzafarabad and the other by Julkhan road from Kaghan.

It is a lush green and fertile valley about 250 kilometers long stretching its ways from the District of Muzzafarabad to Athmuqan and further to Taobutt.  Neelum has always had a great importance due to its attractiveness and fertility. Tourists come here every year especially in the summers to enjoy its forests, slop hills, waterfalls, greenery and pleasant weather. Many fruits grow in this area and they taste like heaven. The Azad Kashmir department of tourism has build many Guest houses in almost all the main areas. There are many hotels of good standard at the bank of River Neelum giving a reamrkable view of the river from every window.

In 2005 earthquake it was badly effected and most of its roads were damaged becoming inaccessible for the outside world. A new international standard road is under construction

Indian goverenment has been planning a power project at the Neelum river banks by diverting the water through the mountains to Bandipore joining the Wular lake and then River Jehlum. Pakistan claims it to be against the Indus waters treaty. Pakistan has also decided to build a hydro power project acroos Jehlum with the assistance of China.

Rivers of Pakistan – River Sutlej

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

River Sutlej of Pakistan

It is the longest river out of the five in Punjab of Pakistan and India. Its location is south of the Hindu Kush,  north of the Vindhya range (India) and east of the Sulaiman range in Pakistan. It is also known as the Red River and is the eastern tributary of River Indus.

It originates in Tibet  near Mount Kailas and flows generally towards the west entering Pakistan through the historical fomer state of Bahawalpur. On its south is arid known as Cholistan which is a part of Bahawalpur state. It then joins River Beas (India) and then continues to flow southwest in Pakistan to join River Chenab near Bahawalpur and finally drops into the  great River Indus at Mithankot.

Origin of River Sutlej Basin of River Sutlej Length of River Ravi River System
Mt. Kailash in Western Tibet Pakistan and India 1,551 kilometers Indus River System

 

The allocation of waters of River Sutlej are under the Indus Water Treaty between India  and Pakistan. India has built many projects on the river and most of its waters are diverted to their irrigation canals. They only opens the bridges when the floods come in their areas creating more problems for Pakistan.  There is another pending project in India of a lond heavy freight canal by connecting the Yamuna and Sutlej river but is has been objected by the Pakistani government through Supreme Court.

Rivers of Pakistan – River Jehlum

by on February 2, 2011
in Rivers of Pakistan

River Jehlum of Pakistan

Origin of River Jehlum Basin of River Jehlum Length of River Jehlum River System
South Western Jammu and Kashmir Pakistan and India 813 kilometers/ 505 miles Indus River System

 

It is on the western end of all the five rivers of Punjab. It is a tributary of River Chenab and passes through the Jehlum district of Pakistan. It originates from a spring in the south western side of Jammu Kashmir. It flows through Srinagar and Lake Wular then enter Pakistan through a narrow gorge. River Neelam joins River Jehlum at Domel in Muzzafarabad and then the River Kunhar of Kaghan Valley.

The river also connects Pakistan with the Azad Kashmir at the Kohala Bridge which is east of circle Bakote. River Poonch joins it and then flowing through the district of Mirpur it flows into the Mangla dam. It enters the Jehlum district in Punjab Province flowing through the plains forming a boundary between Sindh Sagar Doabs and Chaj. It then joins River Chenab at Trimmu of Jhang district, which in turn joins River Sutlej forming the Panjnad by joining River Indus at Mithankot.

As a result of the Indus Basin Project few control structures are built to the waters of the Jehlum, namely:

  1. Mangla dam: It was built in 1967 and is considered to be one of the largest earth fill dams of the world with storage capacity of about 5.9 million acre feet.
  2. Trimmu Barrage: It was built in 1939 and located at the confluence with the River Chenab near the town of Mari Shah Sakhira. It has the capacity of discharging a maximum of 645,000 cubic feet/s i.e. 18,000 cubic meters/s.
  3. Rasul Barrage: It was completed in 1967 and a flow of about 850,000 cubic feet/s i.e 24,000 cubic meters/s.
  4. Harahpur Bridge: It is also called the Victoria Bridge and was constructed in 1933. The location is about 5 kilometers from Malakwal near the village of Chak Nizam. It is about a kilometers long and mainly used by the Pakistan Railways with a small passage for light vehicles as well.

River Indus

by on December 29, 2009
in Rivers of Pakistan

indus at chog thumb Pakistan

River Indus, the life line originates from Lake Mansarovar in the Himalayan region. It is 3180km long and after passing through many cities of Pakistan joins the Arabian Sea at Karachi. The water of River Indus is used for domestic purposes, irrigation and also to produce electricity.

Historically it is important as it has seen the rise and fall of the Indus Valley Civilization. Its banks have also witnessed the battles between the locals and invaders like Alexander the Great.

River Indus is also the home of the endangered specie of blind dolphin and is a sanctuary of migratory birds as well.

The fan shaped Indus Delta harbors the 7th largest mangrove forest of the world and is the breeding ground of various forms of sea life.

River Indus has been aptly named “the lifeline of Pakistan.” In all honesty this statement is not at all exaggerated. Pakistan is an agrarian country which relies heavily on its agricultural resources. Canal irrigation system of  Pakistan is completely dependent on Indus river. There are many dams and barrages on this river which are the reasons of high yields and excessive production of agricultural produces in the country under discussion. Indus is thus very important to Pakistan.