This river is located in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The name is in Iranic and is similar to the Little Zab river and the Great Zab river of Iraq and the Pamirs. The water melting from the Sulaiman mountains forming this river which then flows through the province and drops into the River Gomal near Khajuri Kachadd. The city located at the bank of this river is called Zhob city.
The two main channels of darinage for this river are River Kundar and River Zhob whixh flow into River Gomal. The river flows from southwestern direction to the northeast and rises at Tesari Mehtarazai pass with a water shedding a distance of about 400 km. River Kundar rises from the highest point of the Tobakakar range near Sakir and constitutes the long boundary between Afghanistan and Pakistan. Baskan, Sri Toi, Surab, Chukhan and Sawar are the other subsidiaries of River Zhob. Zhob river is of very high importance to the local community. This is because of the fact that this river flows through a region which faces drought almost every year. There are very few sources of water and thus this natural source of water is of utmost importance to the local community.
The major geological feature of the Balochistan Province in Pakistan and Zabul Province of Afghanistan is the Sulaiman Range. They are located at the west of River Indus and East of Lut Desert and are the boundary between the Indian subcontinent and the Iranian Plateau. On the north of Sulaiman range are the highlands of Hindu Kush, where 50% of the lands are above 6,500 feet. This mountain range extends about 250 miles (400 kilometers) in central Pakistan generally going parallel to the River Indus.The average elevation of this range is 1,520 meters i.e. about 5000 feet.
On the northern end of Sulaiman range are its prominent twin peaks Kaisargarh and Takht-e-Sulaiman which are its highest points. The latter is also known as the ‘Throne of Solomon’ because of its shape. The Sulaiman mountains and the high plateau creates a wall against the humid winds blowing from the Indian Ocean thus effect the climate especially of Afghanistan.
|Fact sheet of Sulaiman Range in Pakistan|
|No.||Names of Imp. Peaks of Sulaiman Range||Height of Sulaiman Range Peaks (m)||Location of Sulaiman Range Peaks|
|1||Looi Sar Naikan||3,578||Koh-i-Zarghoon, Quetta|
|2||Takht-i-Sulaiman||3,487||East of Quetta|
|3||Kaisargarh||3,441||East of Quetta|
|4||Loai Saar||3,472||Koh-i-Takatu, Quetta|